Effect of Al[sbnd]Si coating on laser spot welding of press hardened steel and process improvement with annular stirring

Nannan Chen, Zixuan Wan, Hui Ping Wang, Jingjing Li, Joshua Solomon, Blair E. Carlson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Laser spot welding method was employed to fabricate Al[sbnd]Si coated press-hardened steel (PHS) joints in overlapped configuration. Al and Si segregate at the notch root of a laser spot weld of Al[sbnd]Si coated PHS resulting in pre-mature cracking and weakening of the joint strength. The thickness-oriented δ-ferrite strips induced by the Al and Si segregation was mainly responsible for the mechanical deterioration though the dispersive δ-ferrite in the fusion zone also contributes. A supplemental annular stirring with beam oscillation is proposed to break up the segregation. With the annular stirring, the lap-shear peak load and energy absorption increased 57% and 80% respectively, which is attributed to the removal of δ-ferrite strips and the reduction in the fraction of dispersive δ-ferrite. Thermo-fluid numerical simulations suggest that the annular stirring promoted the melt flow and extended the duration of the melt pool, which accelerated and prolonged the diffusion of Al and Si atoms into the fusion zone, thus preventing the segregation of Al and Si and formation of δ-ferrite strips. Meanwhile, the prolonged melt flow pulled additional dissolved Al onto the molten pool surface forming the Al oxide film, resulting in further reduction of Al content and fraction of dispersive δ-ferrite.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108986
JournalMaterials and Design
Volume195
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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