Transport of bacteria over significant distances through aquifer sediments occurs primarily among bacteria with low affinity for sediment materials. Bacterial affinity for a uniform collector surface has been represented quantitatively by a collision efficiency (α), defined as the fraction of colliding cells that adhere to the collector surface. Using a new method for estimating α during advective transport of monoclonal bacterial populations through a uniform bed of 40-μm borosilicate glass spheres, we found that α decreased 10-fold over a bed depth of only 1 cm. Depth-dependent differences in α were not related to variation in bacterial size or intra-strain genetic variation. Intra-population heterogeneity in biocolloid-collector affinity may be important determinant of subsurface bacterial transport characteristics, with critical implications for pathogen transport and dispersal of bacteria for the remediation of hazardous waste.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||FEMS Microbiology Letters|
|State||Published - Dec 15 1994|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology