Effect of bending on single-walled carbon nanotubes: A Raman scattering study

Bei Wang, Awnish K. Gupta, Jun Huang, Harindra Vedala, Qingzhen Hao, Vincent H. Crespi, Wonbong Choi, Peter C. Eklund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe microRaman studies of serpentine single-walled carbon nanotubes grown on single-crystal quartz. Local Raman spectra were collected from bent and straight segments of the same nanotube to elucidate the effects of bending. Bending radii as large as 1-2 μm produce a measurable shift of the frequencies of the G, D, and 2D bands while the radial breathing mode remains nearly unaffected by bending. The frequency shift is approximately linear in the bending curvature 1/ Rb for radii of curvature Rb between 0.6 and 3.0μm. A very tightly bent bundle with Rb ∼50nm develops a very intricate G-band structure caused by new Raman modes that are activated by the broken cylindrical symmetry. These results show diverse behavior depending on the nanotube wrapping indices (n,m) but are comparable in magnitude to those predicted by tight-binding calculations of the Raman response in bent tubes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number115422
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume81
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 12 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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