Effect of blending with poly(ethylene oxide) on the dynamics of poly(methyl methacrylate): A quasi-elastic neutron scattering approach

Victoria Garcia Sakai, Chunxia Chen, Janna K. Maranas, Zema Chowdhuri

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Abstract

The mobility of poly(methyl methacrylate) [PMMA] in a blend with 20 wt % polyethylene oxide) [PEO] is assessed using quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS) and compared to pure PMMA. The primary conclusion is that the change in dynamics of PMMA, upon blending with PEO, is solely a result of the shift in T g. Although relaxation times of PMMA are smaller in the blend than in pure PMMA at a given temperature, they collapse onto a single curve when the difference in T gs is taken into account. Relaxation times are Arrhenius in temperature throughout most of the data, with an activation energy consistent with that observed in dielectric spectroscopy for the merged αβ process. At temperatures less than ∼1.2T g, the data suggest that at large spatial scales relaxation times grow in excess of Arrhenius temperature dependence, whereas at small spatial scales Arrhenius behavior continues. The approximate dividing point for this behavior is the static structure peak of PMMA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9975-9983
Number of pages9
JournalMacromolecules
Volume37
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 28 2004

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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