Effect of carbon monoxide partial pressure on the high-temperature decomposition of Nicalon fibre

G. S. Bibbo, P. M. Benson, Carlo G. Pantano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The high-temperature equilibrium partial pressures of the predominant gaseous species over Nicalon were determined thermochemically. It was calculated that the most prevalent gaseous species in equilibrium with Nicalon at 1300 °C is carbon monoxide. Subsequently, fibres of Nicalon (NLM 202) were heat treated at 1300 °C in various partial pressures of carbon monoxide gas and analysed via single filament strength testing, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and scanning Auger microscopy. The heat treatments in carbon monoxide had a significant effect on the strength retention and composition of the fibres (∼75% retained) compared to the treatments in argon where only 25% of the initial strength was retained. The Auger analysis revealed that the treatment in argon evolved carbon and oxygen from the fibre while in carbon monoxide atmospheres a carbon layer was deposited on the fibre surface. X-ray diffraction showed that grain growth had not occurred in any of the heat treatments. This study shows the important role of thermochemical reactions in the strength degradation of Nicalon, and its possible relationship to the formation of carbon surface/interface layers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5075-5080
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume26
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

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Carbon Monoxide
Carbon monoxide
Partial pressure
Decomposition
Carbon
Fibers
Argon
Heat treatment
X ray diffraction
Temperature
Grain growth
Microscopic examination
Gases
Oxygen
Scanning
Degradation
Scanning electron microscopy
Testing
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Bibbo, G. S. ; Benson, P. M. ; Pantano, Carlo G. / Effect of carbon monoxide partial pressure on the high-temperature decomposition of Nicalon fibre. In: Journal of Materials Science. 1991 ; Vol. 26, No. 18. pp. 5075-5080.
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Effect of carbon monoxide partial pressure on the high-temperature decomposition of Nicalon fibre. / Bibbo, G. S.; Benson, P. M.; Pantano, Carlo G.

In: Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 26, No. 18, 01.01.1991, p. 5075-5080.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The high-temperature equilibrium partial pressures of the predominant gaseous species over Nicalon were determined thermochemically. It was calculated that the most prevalent gaseous species in equilibrium with Nicalon at 1300 °C is carbon monoxide. Subsequently, fibres of Nicalon (NLM 202) were heat treated at 1300 °C in various partial pressures of carbon monoxide gas and analysed via single filament strength testing, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and scanning Auger microscopy. The heat treatments in carbon monoxide had a significant effect on the strength retention and composition of the fibres (∼75% retained) compared to the treatments in argon where only 25% of the initial strength was retained. The Auger analysis revealed that the treatment in argon evolved carbon and oxygen from the fibre while in carbon monoxide atmospheres a carbon layer was deposited on the fibre surface. X-ray diffraction showed that grain growth had not occurred in any of the heat treatments. This study shows the important role of thermochemical reactions in the strength degradation of Nicalon, and its possible relationship to the formation of carbon surface/interface layers.

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