Effect of cigarette rod length on smokers switching to SPECTRUM cigarettes

Shari Hrabovsky, Vishal Midya, Courtney Lester, Susan Veldheer, Jessica M. Yingst, Sophia I. Allen, Nicolle M. Krebs, Jiangang (Jason) Liao, Lisa Reinhart, Jennifer Modesto, A. Eden Evins, John Richie, Joshua Muscat, Kimberly Horn, Jonathan Foulds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Cigarettes vary in rod length but are generally thought of as a constant unit. In this study, we evaluated whether the rod length of participants' usual brand cigarettes affected their perceptions and smoking habits when switching to SPECTRUMs. Methods: Data were analyzed for 341 participants smoking their own brand cigarettes for one week and after switching to normal nicotine content (11.6 mg) SPECTRUMs for 2 weeks. Changes in perceptions of cigarette attributes and biomarkers of smoke exposure were evaluated using linear mixed models among 3 groups: usual length short (ULS, 72 mm); medium/king (Ulm, ~84 mm); and long (ULL = 100 mm). Results: Among the 3 cigarette length groups, only ULL smokers' rated SPECTRUMs significantly less strong, harder to draw, lower in taste, and lower in enjoyment (p < .03) compared to usual brand. Among all groups, satisfaction was significantly lower for SPECTRUMs (p < .02). Cigarettes per day (CPD) increased significantly more for ULL (+4.75 CPD) as compared to Ulm (+1.38 CPD) (p < .001). When switching to SPECTRUMs, cotinine-per-cigarette decreased among all groups, and exhaled carbon monoxide increased significantly in ULL and Ulm smokers (p < .001). Conclusion: People who smoked long cigarettes had the largest changes in perceptions and use when switching to SPECTRUM research cigarettes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)380-392
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume43
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Fingerprint

Tobacco Products
smoking
Group
nicotine
habits
Smoking
Cotinine
Carbon Monoxide
Nicotine
Smoke
Habits
Linear Models
Biomarkers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Hrabovsky, Shari ; Midya, Vishal ; Lester, Courtney ; Veldheer, Susan ; Yingst, Jessica M. ; Allen, Sophia I. ; Krebs, Nicolle M. ; Liao, Jiangang (Jason) ; Reinhart, Lisa ; Modesto, Jennifer ; Evins, A. Eden ; Richie, John ; Muscat, Joshua ; Horn, Kimberly ; Foulds, Jonathan. / Effect of cigarette rod length on smokers switching to SPECTRUM cigarettes. In: American Journal of Health Behavior. 2019 ; Vol. 43, No. 2. pp. 380-392.
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abstract = "Objectives: Cigarettes vary in rod length but are generally thought of as a constant unit. In this study, we evaluated whether the rod length of participants' usual brand cigarettes affected their perceptions and smoking habits when switching to SPECTRUMs. Methods: Data were analyzed for 341 participants smoking their own brand cigarettes for one week and after switching to normal nicotine content (11.6 mg) SPECTRUMs for 2 weeks. Changes in perceptions of cigarette attributes and biomarkers of smoke exposure were evaluated using linear mixed models among 3 groups: usual length short (ULS, 72 mm); medium/king (Ulm, ~84 mm); and long (ULL = 100 mm). Results: Among the 3 cigarette length groups, only ULL smokers' rated SPECTRUMs significantly less strong, harder to draw, lower in taste, and lower in enjoyment (p < .03) compared to usual brand. Among all groups, satisfaction was significantly lower for SPECTRUMs (p < .02). Cigarettes per day (CPD) increased significantly more for ULL (+4.75 CPD) as compared to Ulm (+1.38 CPD) (p < .001). When switching to SPECTRUMs, cotinine-per-cigarette decreased among all groups, and exhaled carbon monoxide increased significantly in ULL and Ulm smokers (p < .001). Conclusion: People who smoked long cigarettes had the largest changes in perceptions and use when switching to SPECTRUM research cigarettes.",
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Effect of cigarette rod length on smokers switching to SPECTRUM cigarettes. / Hrabovsky, Shari; Midya, Vishal; Lester, Courtney; Veldheer, Susan; Yingst, Jessica M.; Allen, Sophia I.; Krebs, Nicolle M.; Liao, Jiangang (Jason); Reinhart, Lisa; Modesto, Jennifer; Evins, A. Eden; Richie, John; Muscat, Joshua; Horn, Kimberly; Foulds, Jonathan.

In: American Journal of Health Behavior, Vol. 43, No. 2, 01.03.2019, p. 380-392.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Effect of cigarette rod length on smokers switching to SPECTRUM cigarettes

AU - Hrabovsky, Shari

AU - Midya, Vishal

AU - Lester, Courtney

AU - Veldheer, Susan

AU - Yingst, Jessica M.

AU - Allen, Sophia I.

AU - Krebs, Nicolle M.

AU - Liao, Jiangang (Jason)

AU - Reinhart, Lisa

AU - Modesto, Jennifer

AU - Evins, A. Eden

AU - Richie, John

AU - Muscat, Joshua

AU - Horn, Kimberly

AU - Foulds, Jonathan

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - Objectives: Cigarettes vary in rod length but are generally thought of as a constant unit. In this study, we evaluated whether the rod length of participants' usual brand cigarettes affected their perceptions and smoking habits when switching to SPECTRUMs. Methods: Data were analyzed for 341 participants smoking their own brand cigarettes for one week and after switching to normal nicotine content (11.6 mg) SPECTRUMs for 2 weeks. Changes in perceptions of cigarette attributes and biomarkers of smoke exposure were evaluated using linear mixed models among 3 groups: usual length short (ULS, 72 mm); medium/king (Ulm, ~84 mm); and long (ULL = 100 mm). Results: Among the 3 cigarette length groups, only ULL smokers' rated SPECTRUMs significantly less strong, harder to draw, lower in taste, and lower in enjoyment (p < .03) compared to usual brand. Among all groups, satisfaction was significantly lower for SPECTRUMs (p < .02). Cigarettes per day (CPD) increased significantly more for ULL (+4.75 CPD) as compared to Ulm (+1.38 CPD) (p < .001). When switching to SPECTRUMs, cotinine-per-cigarette decreased among all groups, and exhaled carbon monoxide increased significantly in ULL and Ulm smokers (p < .001). Conclusion: People who smoked long cigarettes had the largest changes in perceptions and use when switching to SPECTRUM research cigarettes.

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