Effect of Cohesion on the Curvilinear Relationship Between Team Efficacy and Performance

Won Woo Park, Mee Sook Kim, Stanley Morris Gully

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research has generally supported a linear positive relationship between team efficacy and team performance. More recent theories and research suggest, however, that teams can become overly efficacious and team efficacy may exhibit nonlinear relationships with outcomes. The current study investigates the possibility that team efficacy is associated with decreases in team performance when the level of team efficacy is excessively high or low. This study further suggests that cohesion is an important contextual factor that may affect the curvilinear relationship between team efficacy and performance such that high levels of cohesion will magnify the curvilinear relationship whereas low levels of cohesion will flatten the curvilinear pattern. Hypotheses were tested using 324 employees in 34 work teams. Results demonstrate that the curvilinear relationship between team efficacy and team performance was strongest when cohesion was high; the relationship flattened when cohesion was low. Implications and limitations are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-481
Number of pages27
JournalSmall Group Research
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017

Fingerprint

Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Park, Won Woo ; Kim, Mee Sook ; Gully, Stanley Morris. / Effect of Cohesion on the Curvilinear Relationship Between Team Efficacy and Performance. In: Small Group Research. 2017 ; Vol. 48, No. 4. pp. 455-481.
@article{96211fc8264949b182aaa933226851d2,
title = "Effect of Cohesion on the Curvilinear Relationship Between Team Efficacy and Performance",
abstract = "Research has generally supported a linear positive relationship between team efficacy and team performance. More recent theories and research suggest, however, that teams can become overly efficacious and team efficacy may exhibit nonlinear relationships with outcomes. The current study investigates the possibility that team efficacy is associated with decreases in team performance when the level of team efficacy is excessively high or low. This study further suggests that cohesion is an important contextual factor that may affect the curvilinear relationship between team efficacy and performance such that high levels of cohesion will magnify the curvilinear relationship whereas low levels of cohesion will flatten the curvilinear pattern. Hypotheses were tested using 324 employees in 34 work teams. Results demonstrate that the curvilinear relationship between team efficacy and team performance was strongest when cohesion was high; the relationship flattened when cohesion was low. Implications and limitations are discussed.",
author = "Park, {Won Woo} and Kim, {Mee Sook} and Gully, {Stanley Morris}",
year = "2017",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1046496417709933",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "48",
pages = "455--481",
journal = "Small Group Research",
issn = "1046-4964",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "4",

}

Effect of Cohesion on the Curvilinear Relationship Between Team Efficacy and Performance. / Park, Won Woo; Kim, Mee Sook; Gully, Stanley Morris.

In: Small Group Research, Vol. 48, No. 4, 01.08.2017, p. 455-481.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of Cohesion on the Curvilinear Relationship Between Team Efficacy and Performance

AU - Park, Won Woo

AU - Kim, Mee Sook

AU - Gully, Stanley Morris

PY - 2017/8/1

Y1 - 2017/8/1

N2 - Research has generally supported a linear positive relationship between team efficacy and team performance. More recent theories and research suggest, however, that teams can become overly efficacious and team efficacy may exhibit nonlinear relationships with outcomes. The current study investigates the possibility that team efficacy is associated with decreases in team performance when the level of team efficacy is excessively high or low. This study further suggests that cohesion is an important contextual factor that may affect the curvilinear relationship between team efficacy and performance such that high levels of cohesion will magnify the curvilinear relationship whereas low levels of cohesion will flatten the curvilinear pattern. Hypotheses were tested using 324 employees in 34 work teams. Results demonstrate that the curvilinear relationship between team efficacy and team performance was strongest when cohesion was high; the relationship flattened when cohesion was low. Implications and limitations are discussed.

AB - Research has generally supported a linear positive relationship between team efficacy and team performance. More recent theories and research suggest, however, that teams can become overly efficacious and team efficacy may exhibit nonlinear relationships with outcomes. The current study investigates the possibility that team efficacy is associated with decreases in team performance when the level of team efficacy is excessively high or low. This study further suggests that cohesion is an important contextual factor that may affect the curvilinear relationship between team efficacy and performance such that high levels of cohesion will magnify the curvilinear relationship whereas low levels of cohesion will flatten the curvilinear pattern. Hypotheses were tested using 324 employees in 34 work teams. Results demonstrate that the curvilinear relationship between team efficacy and team performance was strongest when cohesion was high; the relationship flattened when cohesion was low. Implications and limitations are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85024115216&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85024115216&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1046496417709933

DO - 10.1177/1046496417709933

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85024115216

VL - 48

SP - 455

EP - 481

JO - Small Group Research

JF - Small Group Research

SN - 1046-4964

IS - 4

ER -