Effect of cold storage on the germination success of four stonecrop species

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Green roof construction is constrained by cost of labor to install the plant material. Optimizing seed germination and establishment could significantly reduce installation costs but would require specific growing conditions that are difficult to provide during installation. Plants of the stonecrop (Sedum) genus are commonly used for the roof top because they will tolerate the high temperatures. This study compared the germination rates of four stonecrop species {goldmoss sedum (Sedum acre), ‘Oracle’ sedum (Sedum forsterianum), blue spruce sedum (Sedum reflexum), and amur sedum [Sedum selskianum (synonm Phedimus selskianum)]} at two temperatures, 70 and 90 °F, following storage of seed in dry, cool (40 °F) conditions of different durations (54, 98, 157, 197, 255, or 343 days). At 70 °F seed of goldmoss sedum, ‘Oracle’ sedum, and blue spruce sedum produced minimum germination rates of 60% at 21 days in seed stored for 54, 98, 157, 197, 255, or 343 days. Goldmoss sedum, ‘Oracle’ sedum, and blue spruce sedum showed reduced germination in 90 °F, probably due to temperature-induced dormancy. Amur sedum had germination of at least 83% at 21 days in both temperatures tested. As amur sedum germination rates appear to be unaffected in the temperatures tested, it could provide an excellent seed for use on green roofs where ideal temperatures are rarely available.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)354-357
Number of pages4
JournalHortTechnology
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

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Sedum
cold storage
germination
Picea pungens
green roofs
temperature
seeds
seed storage

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

Cite this

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abstract = "Green roof construction is constrained by cost of labor to install the plant material. Optimizing seed germination and establishment could significantly reduce installation costs but would require specific growing conditions that are difficult to provide during installation. Plants of the stonecrop (Sedum) genus are commonly used for the roof top because they will tolerate the high temperatures. This study compared the germination rates of four stonecrop species {goldmoss sedum (Sedum acre), ‘Oracle’ sedum (Sedum forsterianum), blue spruce sedum (Sedum reflexum), and amur sedum [Sedum selskianum (synonm Phedimus selskianum)]} at two temperatures, 70 and 90 °F, following storage of seed in dry, cool (40 °F) conditions of different durations (54, 98, 157, 197, 255, or 343 days). At 70 °F seed of goldmoss sedum, ‘Oracle’ sedum, and blue spruce sedum produced minimum germination rates of 60{\%} at 21 days in seed stored for 54, 98, 157, 197, 255, or 343 days. Goldmoss sedum, ‘Oracle’ sedum, and blue spruce sedum showed reduced germination in 90 °F, probably due to temperature-induced dormancy. Amur sedum had germination of at least 83{\%} at 21 days in both temperatures tested. As amur sedum germination rates appear to be unaffected in the temperatures tested, it could provide an excellent seed for use on green roofs where ideal temperatures are rarely available.",
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Effect of cold storage on the germination success of four stonecrop species. / McDavid, Kathryn L.; Sanford, David Lee; Berghage, Jr., Robert.

In: HortTechnology, Vol. 27, No. 3, 01.01.2017, p. 354-357.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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