The effect of curing process of thermosetting powder coating consists of carboxylated polyester resin cured with triglycidyl isocyanurate has been investigated using broadband dielectric relaxation spectroscopy over a wide range of frequency (10-1-106 Hz) and temperature (70-105 °C) for different constant curing times. The molecular dynamics of the glass relaxation process (α-process) was investigated as a function of curing time, frequency, and temperature. It has been found that, only one common α-relaxation process has been observed for all measured samples of different degree of curing stages, its dynamics and broadness were found to be curing time dependent. In addition, the curing time dependence of the dielectric relaxation strength, Δε, has also been examined for the α and β-relaxation processes. The Δε for the two relaxation processes decreased strongly at the beginning of curing process and then became almost constant at longer curing times. This finding implied that the numbers of reoriented dipoles decrease with curing time as a result of the formation of three-dimensional polymer network. Furthermore, the dislocation energy, εs, calculated from the Meander model was found to be increased with increasing the curing time, i.e. the formation of a three-dimensional polymer network produces many structural defects or dislocation points. In addition, the activation energy of the curing process was calculated from the analysis of the calorimetric exothermic peaks of the curing process at different heating rates.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry