Effect of diabetes on guanine nucleotide exchange factor activity in skeletal muscle and heart

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Abstract

The present study examined the effects of diabetes and insulin treatment of diabetic rats on the activity of the protein synthesis initiation factor, the guanine nucleotide exchange factor. In extracts from gastrocnemius and psoas muscles from two-day diabetic rats, guanine nucleotide exchange factor activity was reduced to 80% and 67% of control values, respectively. Insulin treatment (2 h) restored guanine nucleotide exchange factor activity to control values in both muscles. In contrast, guanine nucleotide exchange factor activity was unchanged in extracts from either soleus muscle or heart from diabetic rats compared to controls. Also, insulin treatment did not increase guanine nucleotide exchange factor activity in extracts from soleus and heart. The results suggest that the diabetes-induced impairment in peptide-chain initiation in fast-twitch skeletal muscle (i.e. gastrocnemius and psoas) is related to an inhibition of guanine nucleotide exchange factor activity and that slow-twitch muscle is spared from the effect on initiation due to the preservation of guanine nucleotide exchange factor activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)706-711
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume156
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 31 1988

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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