The effect of diameter variation on electrical characteristics of long-channel InAs nanowire metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors is experimentally investigated. For a range of nanowire diameters, in which significant band gap changes are observed due to size quantization, the Schottky barrier heights between source/drain metal contacts and the semiconducting nanowire channel are extracted considering both thermionic emission and thermally assisted tunneling. Nanowires as small as 10 nm in diameter were used in device geometry in this context. Interestingly, while experimental and simulation data are consistent with a band gap increase for decreasing nanowire diameter, the experimentally determined Schottky barrier height is found to be around 110 meV irrespective of the nanowire diameter. These observations indicate that for nanowire devices the density of states at the direct conduction band minimum impacts the so-called branching point. Our findings are thus distinctly different from bulk-type results when metal contacts are formed on three-dimensional InAs crystals.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)