Effect of electrostatic, hydrodynamic, and Brownian forces on particle trajectories and sieving in normal flow filtration

Myung Man Kim, Andrew L. Zydney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

138 Scopus citations

Abstract

Particle deposition and fouling are critical factors governing the performance of microfiltration and ultrafiltration systems. Particle trajectories were evaluated by numerical integration of the Langevin equation, accounting for the combined effects of electrostatic repulsion, enhanced hydrodynamic drag, and Brownian diffusion. In the absence of Brownian forces, particles are unable to enter the membrane pores unless the drag associated with the filtration velocity can overcome the electrostatic repulsion. Brownian forces significantly alter this behavior, allowing some particles to enter the pore even at low filtration velocities. The average particle transmission, evaluated from the probability of having a particle enter the pore, increases with increasing filtration velocity due to the greater hydrodynamic drag force on the particle. These results provide important insights into particle behavior in membrane systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)425-431
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Colloid And Interface Science
Volume269
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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