Effect of entropy change of lithium intercalation in cathodes and anodes on Li-ion battery thermal management

Vilayanur V. Viswanathan, Daiwon Choi, Donghai Wang, Wu Xu, Silas Towne, Ralph E. Williford, Ji Guang Zhang, Jun Liu, Zhenguo Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

209 Scopus citations

Abstract

The entropy changes (ΔS) in various cathode and anode materials, as well as in complete Li-ion batteries, were measured using an electrochemical thermodynamic measurement system (ETMS). LiCoO2 has a much larger entropy change than electrodes based on LiNixCoyMnzO2 and LiFePO4, while lithium titanate based anodes have lower entropy change compared to graphite anodes. The reversible heat generation rate was found to be a significant portion of the total heat generation rate. The appropriate combinations of cathode and anode were investigated to minimize reversible heat generation rate across the 0-100% state of charge (SOC) range. In addition to screening for battery electrode materials with low reversible heat, the techniques described in this paper can be a useful engineering tool for battery thermal management in stationary and transportation applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3720-3729
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume195
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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