Effect of exogenous chicken growth hormone (cGH) administration on insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) gene expression in domestic fowl

G. Rosselot, J. P. McMurtry, R. Vasilatos-Younken, S. Czerwinski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of chicken growth hormone (cGH) infusion on insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) gene expression in rapidly-growing, meat-type chickens was investigated. Chicken GH was infused either continuously or in a pulsatile fashion to 8-week-old birds during a 7-day period. Following cGH infusion, both IFG-I peptide and IGF-I mRNA content were measured in selected tissues. Steady-state IGF-I mRNA abundance was determined by a solution hybridization nuclease protection assay using total cellular RNA obtained from liver, heart, kidney, spleen, epiphyseal growth plate cartilage, gastrocnemius and pectoralis muscles. Continuous infusion of cGH elicited a two-fold increase in IGF-I peptide concentration in the kidney (P < 0.05), while all other tissues remained unchanged by cGH treatment under this infusion pattern. Pulsatile cGH infusion produced a two-fold increase in IGF-I peptide content in the liver, gastrocnemius, and pectoralis muscles (P < 0.05). In contrast with the levels of IGI-I peptide, relative steady-state IGF-I mRNA content was two-fold higher in liver and spleen of birds treated continuously with cGH, but was decreased to 35 and 55% of control birds in heart and pectoralis muscle. Pulsatile cGH infusion resulted in a 64% increase in IGF-I mRNA in the liver and remained unchanged in other tissues. Under both patterns of administration, changes in IGF-I mRNA were not reflected by changes in tissue IGF-I peptide levels. Overall correlations between tissue IGF-I mRNA and peptide levels were low and not significant in the tissues studied, except for liver under pulsatile infusion, in which IGF-I peptide levels paralleled changes in IGF-I mRNA. We conclude that, in chickens, exogenous cGH treatment stimulates hepatic IGF-I transcription and translation only when the pattern of infusion mimics the natural episodic pattern of GH secretion. The low correlation between IGF-I peptide and mRNA levels in extra-hepatic tissues may indicate differential responsiveness to GH in birds, and that in some tissues IGF-I levels are under GH-independent transcriptional controls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-166
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume114
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 30 1995

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Poultry
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Gene expression
Growth Hormone
Chickens
Gene Expression
Tissue
Messenger RNA
Peptides
Liver
Birds
Pectoralis Muscles
Muscle
Growth Plate
Skeletal Muscle
Nuclease Protection Assays
Spleen
Kidney
Meats
Cartilage

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

@article{3264b64429f145e0a76a58ebdaa88687,
title = "Effect of exogenous chicken growth hormone (cGH) administration on insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) gene expression in domestic fowl",
abstract = "The effects of chicken growth hormone (cGH) infusion on insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) gene expression in rapidly-growing, meat-type chickens was investigated. Chicken GH was infused either continuously or in a pulsatile fashion to 8-week-old birds during a 7-day period. Following cGH infusion, both IFG-I peptide and IGF-I mRNA content were measured in selected tissues. Steady-state IGF-I mRNA abundance was determined by a solution hybridization nuclease protection assay using total cellular RNA obtained from liver, heart, kidney, spleen, epiphyseal growth plate cartilage, gastrocnemius and pectoralis muscles. Continuous infusion of cGH elicited a two-fold increase in IGF-I peptide concentration in the kidney (P < 0.05), while all other tissues remained unchanged by cGH treatment under this infusion pattern. Pulsatile cGH infusion produced a two-fold increase in IGF-I peptide content in the liver, gastrocnemius, and pectoralis muscles (P < 0.05). In contrast with the levels of IGI-I peptide, relative steady-state IGF-I mRNA content was two-fold higher in liver and spleen of birds treated continuously with cGH, but was decreased to 35 and 55{\%} of control birds in heart and pectoralis muscle. Pulsatile cGH infusion resulted in a 64{\%} increase in IGF-I mRNA in the liver and remained unchanged in other tissues. Under both patterns of administration, changes in IGF-I mRNA were not reflected by changes in tissue IGF-I peptide levels. Overall correlations between tissue IGF-I mRNA and peptide levels were low and not significant in the tissues studied, except for liver under pulsatile infusion, in which IGF-I peptide levels paralleled changes in IGF-I mRNA. We conclude that, in chickens, exogenous cGH treatment stimulates hepatic IGF-I transcription and translation only when the pattern of infusion mimics the natural episodic pattern of GH secretion. The low correlation between IGF-I peptide and mRNA levels in extra-hepatic tissues may indicate differential responsiveness to GH in birds, and that in some tissues IGF-I levels are under GH-independent transcriptional controls.",
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Effect of exogenous chicken growth hormone (cGH) administration on insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) gene expression in domestic fowl. / Rosselot, G.; McMurtry, J. P.; Vasilatos-Younken, R.; Czerwinski, S.

In: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, Vol. 114, No. 1-2, 30.10.1995, p. 157-166.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of exogenous chicken growth hormone (cGH) administration on insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) gene expression in domestic fowl

AU - Rosselot, G.

AU - McMurtry, J. P.

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N2 - The effects of chicken growth hormone (cGH) infusion on insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) gene expression in rapidly-growing, meat-type chickens was investigated. Chicken GH was infused either continuously or in a pulsatile fashion to 8-week-old birds during a 7-day period. Following cGH infusion, both IFG-I peptide and IGF-I mRNA content were measured in selected tissues. Steady-state IGF-I mRNA abundance was determined by a solution hybridization nuclease protection assay using total cellular RNA obtained from liver, heart, kidney, spleen, epiphyseal growth plate cartilage, gastrocnemius and pectoralis muscles. Continuous infusion of cGH elicited a two-fold increase in IGF-I peptide concentration in the kidney (P < 0.05), while all other tissues remained unchanged by cGH treatment under this infusion pattern. Pulsatile cGH infusion produced a two-fold increase in IGF-I peptide content in the liver, gastrocnemius, and pectoralis muscles (P < 0.05). In contrast with the levels of IGI-I peptide, relative steady-state IGF-I mRNA content was two-fold higher in liver and spleen of birds treated continuously with cGH, but was decreased to 35 and 55% of control birds in heart and pectoralis muscle. Pulsatile cGH infusion resulted in a 64% increase in IGF-I mRNA in the liver and remained unchanged in other tissues. Under both patterns of administration, changes in IGF-I mRNA were not reflected by changes in tissue IGF-I peptide levels. Overall correlations between tissue IGF-I mRNA and peptide levels were low and not significant in the tissues studied, except for liver under pulsatile infusion, in which IGF-I peptide levels paralleled changes in IGF-I mRNA. We conclude that, in chickens, exogenous cGH treatment stimulates hepatic IGF-I transcription and translation only when the pattern of infusion mimics the natural episodic pattern of GH secretion. The low correlation between IGF-I peptide and mRNA levels in extra-hepatic tissues may indicate differential responsiveness to GH in birds, and that in some tissues IGF-I levels are under GH-independent transcriptional controls.

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