The daily effects of feed withdrawal or a bacterial disease (Pasteurella multocida; PM) challenge was studied in a slow-growing line of turkeys. The following groups (n = 6 birds/group) were sampled for up to 13 d: untreated control (CON), 4-d feed withdrawal followed by refeeding (FAST), a group that succumbed within the first 2 to 3 d after PM challenge (E-DEAD), a group that succumbed 8 to 9 d after PM challenge (L-DEAD), a group that survived the PM challenge (SUR), and a group treated with both PM challenge and 4-d feed withdrawal followed by refeeding (FAST/CHAL). Daily feed intake and BW gains were markedly reduced in the E-DEAD and L-DEAD groups immediately and 3 d after PM challenge, respectively. Feed intake and BW gain between CON and SUR groups of turkeys were not different throughout the trial. The turkeys in the FAST group followed the expected feed withdrawal and refeeding patterns for feed intake and BW loss or gain. The FAST/CHAL turkeys consumed the minimal amount of feed to maintain BW after refeeding. Plasma uric acid sharply increased 1 d prior to death in both E-DEAD and L-DEAD groups of turkeys. Plasma uric acid also increased each consecutive day during fasting in the FAST and FAST/CHAL groups of turkeys. Plasma growth hormone was measured in only the CON and FAST groups and increased from about 40 to 85 ng/mL in the FAST group during fasting but returned to control levels within 1 d of refeeding. Circulating plasma insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) decreased from about 17 to 5 ng/mL in the PM-challenged (E-DEAD, L-DEAD, and FAST/CHAL groups) and FAST groups. The concentration of IGF-I returned to prefeed withdrawal levels within 3 d of refeeding the FAST group of turkeys. It was concluded that 1) turkey poults that were not susceptible to the PM challenge generally maintained physiological functions at control bird levels, 2) susceptible turkey poults generally exhibited depressed feed intake and BW gains, and 3) poults challenged with both feed withdrawal and PM treatment responded differently than poults challenged with either feed withdrawal or challenge with PM. The depletion of energy intake and mobilization of energy stores in susceptible poults might have contributed to the rate at which PM caused the poults to die.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Animal Science and Zoology