Effect of flame structure on the flame transfer function in a premixed gas turbine combustor

Daesik Kim, Jong Guen Lee, Bryan D. Quay, Domenic Santavicca, Kwanwoo Kim, Shiva Srinivasan

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    15 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The flame transfer function in a premixed gas turbine combustor is experimentally determined. The fuel (natural gas) is premixed with air upstream of a choked inlet to combustor. Therefore, the input to the flame transfer function is the imposed velocity fluctuations of the fuel/air mixture without equivalence ratio fluctuations. The inlet-velocity fluctuations are achieved by a variable-speed siren over the forcing frequency of 75-280 Hz and measured using a hot-wire-anemometer at the inlet to the combustor. The output function (heat release) is determined using chemiluminescence measurement from the whole flame. Flame images are recorded to understand how the flame structure plays a role in the global heat release response of flame to the inlet-velocity perturbation. The results show that the gain and phase of the flame transfer function depend on flame structure as well as the frequency and magnitude of inlet-velocity modulation and can be generalized in terms of the relative length scale of flame to convection length scale of inlet-velocity perturbation, which is represented by a Strouhal number. Non-linear flame response is characterized by a periodic vortex shedding from shear layer and the non-linearity occurs at lower magnitude of inlet-velocity fluctuation as the modulation frequency increases. However, for a given modulation frequency, the flame structure does not affect the magnitude of inlet-velocity fluctuation at which the non-linearity starts.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publication2008 Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
    Subtitle of host publicationPower for Land, Sea, and Air
    Pages757-765
    Number of pages9
    EditionPART B
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 1 2008
    Event2008 ASME Turbo Expo - Berlin, Germany
    Duration: Jun 9 2008Jun 13 2008

    Publication series

    NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
    NumberPART B
    Volume3

    Other

    Other2008 ASME Turbo Expo
    CountryGermany
    CityBerlin
    Period6/9/086/13/08

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Engineering(all)

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  • Cite this

    Kim, D., Lee, J. G., Quay, B. D., Santavicca, D., Kim, K., & Srinivasan, S. (2008). Effect of flame structure on the flame transfer function in a premixed gas turbine combustor. In 2008 Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo: Power for Land, Sea, and Air (PART B ed., pp. 757-765). (Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo; Vol. 3, No. PART B). https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2008-51014