Effect of genotype on the levels of surfactant protein A mRNA and on the SP-A2 splice variants in adult humans

Anne M. Karinch, Daphne E. Demello, Joanna Floros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Human pulmonary surfactant protein A (SP-A) is encoded by two genes, SP-A1 and SP-A2, that exhibit coding sequence (allelic) and 5' splicing variability. In this report we determine the effect of the genetic variability within the SP-A1 and SP-A2 genes on the level of SP-A mRNAs and on the SP-A2 splicing variants in different individuals. We analysed mRNA specimens from 23 unrelated adults using genotype analysis, Northern analysis and primer extension, and made the following observations. (1) The level of SP-A mRNA varies among individuals (coefficient of variation = 0.49). One SP-A genotype (6A26A21A01A0) appears to be associated with a low to moderate level of SP-A mRNA. (2) The SP-A1/SP-A2 mRNA ratio varies among individuals, from 0.94 (lowest) to 6.80 (highest) within the study population. One genotype appears to be associated with a moderate to high SP-A1/SP-A2 mRNA ratio and another with a low to moderate ratio. (3) There is no correlation between the level of SP-A mRNA and the SP-A1/SP-A2 mRNA ratio. (4) Variability in the ratio of the major SP-A2 splice variants among individuals results from nucleotide differences in the splice-recognition sequence of specific SP-A2 alleles. The SP-A mRNA levels, the SP-A1/SP-A2 mRNA ratio, and the ratio of the major SP-A2 splice variants have a genetic basis in that they vary depending upon the specific SP-A alleles present.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-47
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume321
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

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Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Protein A
varespladib methyl
Genotype
Messenger RNA
Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Proteins
Genes
Alleles
Nucleotides

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Effect of genotype on the levels of surfactant protein A mRNA and on the SP-A2 splice variants in adult humans",
abstract = "Human pulmonary surfactant protein A (SP-A) is encoded by two genes, SP-A1 and SP-A2, that exhibit coding sequence (allelic) and 5' splicing variability. In this report we determine the effect of the genetic variability within the SP-A1 and SP-A2 genes on the level of SP-A mRNAs and on the SP-A2 splicing variants in different individuals. We analysed mRNA specimens from 23 unrelated adults using genotype analysis, Northern analysis and primer extension, and made the following observations. (1) The level of SP-A mRNA varies among individuals (coefficient of variation = 0.49). One SP-A genotype (6A26A21A01A0) appears to be associated with a low to moderate level of SP-A mRNA. (2) The SP-A1/SP-A2 mRNA ratio varies among individuals, from 0.94 (lowest) to 6.80 (highest) within the study population. One genotype appears to be associated with a moderate to high SP-A1/SP-A2 mRNA ratio and another with a low to moderate ratio. (3) There is no correlation between the level of SP-A mRNA and the SP-A1/SP-A2 mRNA ratio. (4) Variability in the ratio of the major SP-A2 splice variants among individuals results from nucleotide differences in the splice-recognition sequence of specific SP-A2 alleles. The SP-A mRNA levels, the SP-A1/SP-A2 mRNA ratio, and the ratio of the major SP-A2 splice variants have a genetic basis in that they vary depending upon the specific SP-A alleles present.",
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Effect of genotype on the levels of surfactant protein A mRNA and on the SP-A2 splice variants in adult humans. / Karinch, Anne M.; Demello, Daphne E.; Floros, Joanna.

In: Biochemical Journal, Vol. 321, No. 1, 01.01.1997, p. 39-47.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Human pulmonary surfactant protein A (SP-A) is encoded by two genes, SP-A1 and SP-A2, that exhibit coding sequence (allelic) and 5' splicing variability. In this report we determine the effect of the genetic variability within the SP-A1 and SP-A2 genes on the level of SP-A mRNAs and on the SP-A2 splicing variants in different individuals. We analysed mRNA specimens from 23 unrelated adults using genotype analysis, Northern analysis and primer extension, and made the following observations. (1) The level of SP-A mRNA varies among individuals (coefficient of variation = 0.49). One SP-A genotype (6A26A21A01A0) appears to be associated with a low to moderate level of SP-A mRNA. (2) The SP-A1/SP-A2 mRNA ratio varies among individuals, from 0.94 (lowest) to 6.80 (highest) within the study population. One genotype appears to be associated with a moderate to high SP-A1/SP-A2 mRNA ratio and another with a low to moderate ratio. (3) There is no correlation between the level of SP-A mRNA and the SP-A1/SP-A2 mRNA ratio. (4) Variability in the ratio of the major SP-A2 splice variants among individuals results from nucleotide differences in the splice-recognition sequence of specific SP-A2 alleles. The SP-A mRNA levels, the SP-A1/SP-A2 mRNA ratio, and the ratio of the major SP-A2 splice variants have a genetic basis in that they vary depending upon the specific SP-A alleles present.

AB - Human pulmonary surfactant protein A (SP-A) is encoded by two genes, SP-A1 and SP-A2, that exhibit coding sequence (allelic) and 5' splicing variability. In this report we determine the effect of the genetic variability within the SP-A1 and SP-A2 genes on the level of SP-A mRNAs and on the SP-A2 splicing variants in different individuals. We analysed mRNA specimens from 23 unrelated adults using genotype analysis, Northern analysis and primer extension, and made the following observations. (1) The level of SP-A mRNA varies among individuals (coefficient of variation = 0.49). One SP-A genotype (6A26A21A01A0) appears to be associated with a low to moderate level of SP-A mRNA. (2) The SP-A1/SP-A2 mRNA ratio varies among individuals, from 0.94 (lowest) to 6.80 (highest) within the study population. One genotype appears to be associated with a moderate to high SP-A1/SP-A2 mRNA ratio and another with a low to moderate ratio. (3) There is no correlation between the level of SP-A mRNA and the SP-A1/SP-A2 mRNA ratio. (4) Variability in the ratio of the major SP-A2 splice variants among individuals results from nucleotide differences in the splice-recognition sequence of specific SP-A2 alleles. The SP-A mRNA levels, the SP-A1/SP-A2 mRNA ratio, and the ratio of the major SP-A2 splice variants have a genetic basis in that they vary depending upon the specific SP-A alleles present.

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