Background: Both caudal epidural and ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric nerve blocks have been used to provide effective intra- and postoperative analgesia. Stress response hormone levels can be used as an objective method to assess the analgesic efficacy of the anaesthetic techniques used in infraumbilical surgery in children. In this study, we compared catecholamine blood levels in children undergoing these two different supplementary analgesic/anaesthetic techniques. Methods: Thirty male paediatric patients undergoing orchidopexy, ASA I, received inhalation general anaesthesia, and were randomly allocated to one of two groups: a caudal group (n = 15) and an ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric nerve block group (n = 15). Plasma epinephrine and norepinephrine concentrations were measured at the induction time, at the end of surgery, and in the postanaesthesia care unit. Postoperative pain score was also assessed in the postanaesthesia care unit. Results: In both groups, there was a substantial decrease in the catecholamine blood levels; however, there were significantly higher levels of epinephrine in the ilioinguinal group at the end of surgery (P = 0.008) and in the recovery room (P = 0.02) and a significant higher level of norpinephrine in the recovery room (P = 0.008). Conclusions: The result of this study revealed that caudal epidural block was more effective than ilioinguinal block in suppressing the stress response as reflected in epinephrine and norepinephrine blood levels in orchidopexy patients.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine