Effect of ion complexation on transport selectivity in gold-, and -silver-thiourea-water/nafion membrane systems

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Abstract

Using gold-, and silver-thiourea complexes as model systems, the effects of cornplexation on transport selectivity through Nafion membrane 117 have been investigated with Donnan dialysis in a rotating diffusion cell. In the presence of thiourea (CS(NH2)2)» gold forms only one stable complex (AuT2 +, where T represents the thiourea molecule) while silver forms a number of mono- and polynuclear complexes, with Ag2T6 2+ the dominant species. At low metal concentrations (5x10-4 mol dm-3), the transport rate is found to follow the order Ag+ Au-thiourea species Ag-thiourea species. The transport rates for Ag+ and Au-thiourea species are controlled by boundary layer diffusion while that for the Ag-thiourea species is dominated by membrane diffusion. The transport rate for the Au-thiourea species is about twice as high as that for the silver-thiourea species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-380
Number of pages18
JournalSolvent Extraction and Ion Exchange
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1992

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Thiourea
Thioureas
Complexation
Silver
Gold
Ions
Membranes
Water
perfluorosulfonic acid
Dialysis
Boundary layers
Metals
Molecules

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Effect of ion complexation on transport selectivity in gold-, and -silver-thiourea-water/nafion membrane systems",
abstract = "Using gold-, and silver-thiourea complexes as model systems, the effects of cornplexation on transport selectivity through Nafion membrane 117 have been investigated with Donnan dialysis in a rotating diffusion cell. In the presence of thiourea (CS(NH2)2)» gold forms only one stable complex (AuT2 +, where T represents the thiourea molecule) while silver forms a number of mono- and polynuclear complexes, with Ag2T6 2+ the dominant species. At low metal concentrations (5x10-4 mol dm-3), the transport rate is found to follow the order Ag+ Au-thiourea species Ag-thiourea species. The transport rates for Ag+ and Au-thiourea species are controlled by boundary layer diffusion while that for the Ag-thiourea species is dominated by membrane diffusion. The transport rate for the Au-thiourea species is about twice as high as that for the silver-thiourea species.",
author = "T. Xue and K. Osseo-Asare",
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T1 - Effect of ion complexation on transport selectivity in gold-, and -silver-thiourea-water/nafion membrane systems

AU - Xue, T.

AU - Osseo-Asare, K.

PY - 1992/4/1

Y1 - 1992/4/1

N2 - Using gold-, and silver-thiourea complexes as model systems, the effects of cornplexation on transport selectivity through Nafion membrane 117 have been investigated with Donnan dialysis in a rotating diffusion cell. In the presence of thiourea (CS(NH2)2)» gold forms only one stable complex (AuT2 +, where T represents the thiourea molecule) while silver forms a number of mono- and polynuclear complexes, with Ag2T6 2+ the dominant species. At low metal concentrations (5x10-4 mol dm-3), the transport rate is found to follow the order Ag+ Au-thiourea species Ag-thiourea species. The transport rates for Ag+ and Au-thiourea species are controlled by boundary layer diffusion while that for the Ag-thiourea species is dominated by membrane diffusion. The transport rate for the Au-thiourea species is about twice as high as that for the silver-thiourea species.

AB - Using gold-, and silver-thiourea complexes as model systems, the effects of cornplexation on transport selectivity through Nafion membrane 117 have been investigated with Donnan dialysis in a rotating diffusion cell. In the presence of thiourea (CS(NH2)2)» gold forms only one stable complex (AuT2 +, where T represents the thiourea molecule) while silver forms a number of mono- and polynuclear complexes, with Ag2T6 2+ the dominant species. At low metal concentrations (5x10-4 mol dm-3), the transport rate is found to follow the order Ag+ Au-thiourea species Ag-thiourea species. The transport rates for Ag+ and Au-thiourea species are controlled by boundary layer diffusion while that for the Ag-thiourea species is dominated by membrane diffusion. The transport rate for the Au-thiourea species is about twice as high as that for the silver-thiourea species.

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