Energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy (EFTEM) was used to determine the distribution of lithium ions in solid polymer electrolytes for lithium batteries. The electrolytes of interest are mixtures of bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonimide lithium salt and symmetric poly(styrene-b/ock- ethylene oxide) copolymers (SEO). In contrast to current solid and liquid electrolytes, the conductivity of SEO/salt mixtures increases with increasing molecular weight of the copolymers. EFTEM results show that the salt is increasingly localized In the middle of the polyethylene oxide) (PEO) lamellae as the molecular weight of the copolymers is increased. Calculations of the inhomogeneous local stress field in block copolymer microdomalns, modeled using self-consistent field theory, provide a quantitative explanation for this observation. These stresses, which increase with increasing molecular weight, interfere with the ability of PEO chains to coordinate with lithium cations near the walls of the PEO channels where ion mobility Is expected to be low.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering