The effect of isoproterenol on amino acid concentrations in perfusate and skeletal muscle was studied during a 3 h perfusion of the isolated rat hemicorpus. The β adrenergic agonist inhibited the accumulation of alanine, threonine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, lysine, arginine, leucine, and valine and increased the loss of glutamate, aspartate, serine, and isoleucine from the pool of free amino acids in perfusate and muscle. The loss of glutamate was accompanied by a greater accumulation of glutamine. Changes in alanine levels showed the greatest response with a net accumulation of 98 μmol in the controls becoming a net loss of 54 μmol in the experimentals. These changes in amino acid levels were accounted for in part by a 20% decrease in protein degradation. Protein synthesis was not affected by isoproterenol. In addition to an effect on degradation, it appeared that isoproterenol affected amino acid levels by increasing alanine utilization and causing formation of glutamine instead of alanine. Other effects of the drug included increased rates of lactate production, muscle glycogen breakdown, and oxygen consumption, whereas no effects were observed on ATP and creatine phosphate levels. Pyruvate content of muscle was maintained at a higher level in the presence of the drug than in control perfusions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)