Effect of La3+ substitution for Sr2+ on the phase formation, structure and properties of (Tl0.5Pb0.5)Sr2Ca2Cu3Oy compounds

Nasser M. Hamdan, Hassan El-Ghanem, Justin Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Optimization of the hole concentration in (Tl0.5Pb0.5)Sr2Ca2Cu3Oy (Tl-1223) was attempted though partial replacement of Sr2+ by La3+. Nine sample with nominal composition (Tl0.5Pb0.5)Sr2-xLaxCa2Cu3Oy were prepared, with x varies from 0 to 2. Magnetization measurements as a function of temperature showed that the transition temperature increased with increasing La content. These measurements also showed an increase of the diamagnetic signal as La was increased. X-ray diffraction patterns of the samples showed that La addition improved the phase purity of Tl-1223 for low level La substitution (x≤0.03). Formation of impurity phases and a phase transformation were also observed for high La contents. The microstructure appearance of the samples with different La content was different. Samples with x values 0.5, 1 and 2, were very brittle and the pellets dissociated into fine powder in one week time. These results will be discussed in terms of changes in the charge carrier concentration in the Cu-O planes of the originally overdoped Tl-1223 high temperature superconductors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1174-1179
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000
EventThe 16th International Conference on Magnet Tehnolopgy - Tallahassee, FL, USA
Duration: Sep 26 1999Oct 2 1999

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Substitution reactions
substitutes
Hole concentration
High temperature superconductors
Charge carriers
Powders
Diffraction patterns
Superconducting transition temperature
Carrier concentration
Magnetization
Phase transitions
Impurities
X ray diffraction
Microstructure
Chemical analysis
pellets
high temperature superconductors
phase transformations
charge carriers
purity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Effect of La3+ substitution for Sr2+ on the phase formation, structure and properties of (Tl0.5Pb0.5)Sr2Ca2Cu3Oy compounds",
abstract = "Optimization of the hole concentration in (Tl0.5Pb0.5)Sr2Ca2Cu3Oy (Tl-1223) was attempted though partial replacement of Sr2+ by La3+. Nine sample with nominal composition (Tl0.5Pb0.5)Sr2-xLaxCa2Cu3Oy were prepared, with x varies from 0 to 2. Magnetization measurements as a function of temperature showed that the transition temperature increased with increasing La content. These measurements also showed an increase of the diamagnetic signal as La was increased. X-ray diffraction patterns of the samples showed that La addition improved the phase purity of Tl-1223 for low level La substitution (x≤0.03). Formation of impurity phases and a phase transformation were also observed for high La contents. The microstructure appearance of the samples with different La content was different. Samples with x values 0.5, 1 and 2, were very brittle and the pellets dissociated into fine powder in one week time. These results will be discussed in terms of changes in the charge carrier concentration in the Cu-O planes of the originally overdoped Tl-1223 high temperature superconductors.",
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Effect of La3+ substitution for Sr2+ on the phase formation, structure and properties of (Tl0.5Pb0.5)Sr2Ca2Cu3Oy compounds. / Hamdan, Nasser M.; El-Ghanem, Hassan; Schwartz, Justin.

In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 10, No. 1, 01.01.2000, p. 1174-1179.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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AU - Schwartz, Justin

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N2 - Optimization of the hole concentration in (Tl0.5Pb0.5)Sr2Ca2Cu3Oy (Tl-1223) was attempted though partial replacement of Sr2+ by La3+. Nine sample with nominal composition (Tl0.5Pb0.5)Sr2-xLaxCa2Cu3Oy were prepared, with x varies from 0 to 2. Magnetization measurements as a function of temperature showed that the transition temperature increased with increasing La content. These measurements also showed an increase of the diamagnetic signal as La was increased. X-ray diffraction patterns of the samples showed that La addition improved the phase purity of Tl-1223 for low level La substitution (x≤0.03). Formation of impurity phases and a phase transformation were also observed for high La contents. The microstructure appearance of the samples with different La content was different. Samples with x values 0.5, 1 and 2, were very brittle and the pellets dissociated into fine powder in one week time. These results will be discussed in terms of changes in the charge carrier concentration in the Cu-O planes of the originally overdoped Tl-1223 high temperature superconductors.

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