Effect of lead oxide vapor on the strength of alumina

Abdelaziz M. Elmadani, David J. Green, Zhi Gang Mei, Zi Kui Liu, Steve Dynan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This effect of PbO vapor on the strength of alumina was studied to determine the corrosion mechanism. Characterization of the corroded samples was carried out using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy, strength and sound velocity measurements, weight and dimensional changes. The strength and sound velocity of alumina decreased when exposed to PbO but weight and volume increased. Thermodynamic modeling of the PbO-Al2O 3 system was carried out using the CALculation of PHAse Diagram method, which showed that three pseudo-binary compounds, PbAl2O 4, Pb2Al2O5, and PbAl 12O19 can be formed, in agreement with prior work. It was postulated that PbAl12O19 is most likely to form when alumina is exposed to PbO at sintering temperatures and this was confirmed by XRD and energy-dispersive analysis. The PbAl12O19 phase does not form a surface layer but rather nucleates and grows as individual crystals embedded in the alumina surface, forming a more porous structure. This surface porosity then acts to concentrate applied stress, resulting in a lower strength. This strength degradation mechanism makes alumina kiln furniture more sensitive to thermal stresses with repeated use, explaining the observed cracking behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1517-1524
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011

Fingerprint

Lead oxide
lead oxides
Aluminum Oxide
Alumina
aluminum oxides
Vapors
vapors
Acoustic wave velocity
acoustic velocity
Acoustic variables measurement
X ray diffraction
Kilns
thermal stresses
velocity measurement
diffraction
Thermal stress
Velocity measurement
surface layers
corrosion
sintering

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Marketing
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Elmadani, Abdelaziz M. ; Green, David J. ; Mei, Zhi Gang ; Liu, Zi Kui ; Dynan, Steve. / Effect of lead oxide vapor on the strength of alumina. In: International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology. 2011 ; Vol. 8, No. 6. pp. 1517-1524.
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Effect of lead oxide vapor on the strength of alumina. / Elmadani, Abdelaziz M.; Green, David J.; Mei, Zhi Gang; Liu, Zi Kui; Dynan, Steve.

In: International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology, Vol. 8, No. 6, 01.11.2011, p. 1517-1524.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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