Effect of load on close-coupled post-injection efficacy for soot reduction in an optical, heavy-duty diesel research engine

Jacqueline Antonia O'Connor, Mark P.B. Musculus

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The use of close-coupled post injections of fuel is an incylinder soot-reduction technique that has much promise for high efficiency, heavy-duty diesel engines. Close-coupled post injections, short injections of fuel that occur soon after the end of the main fuel injection, have been known to reduce engineout soot at a wide range of engine operating conditions, including variations in injection timing, EGR level, load, boost, and speed. While many studies have investigated the performance of post injections, the details of the mechanism by which soot is reduced remains unclear. In this study, we have measured the efficacy of post injections over a range of load conditions, at constant speed, boost, and rail pressure, in a heavy-duty, optically-accessible research diesel engine. Here, the base load is varied by changing the main-injection duration. Measurements of engine-out soot indicate that not only does the efficacy of a post injection decrease at higher engine loads, but that the range of post-injection durations over which soot reduction is achievable is limited at higher loads. Optical measurements, including natural luminescence of soot and planar laser-induced incandescence of soot, provide information about the spatio-temporal development of in-cylinder soot through the cycle in cases with and without post injections. The optical results indicate that the post injection behaves similarly at different loads, but that its relative efficacy decreases due to the increase in soot resulting from longer main-injection durations.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationLarge Bore Engines; Advanced Combustion; Emissions Control Systems; Instrumentation, Controls, and Hybrids
    PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
    Volume1
    ISBN (Print)9780791856093
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
    EventASME 2013 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference, ICEF 2013 - Dearborn, MI, United States
    Duration: Oct 13 2013Oct 16 2013

    Other

    OtherASME 2013 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference, ICEF 2013
    CountryUnited States
    CityDearborn, MI
    Period10/13/1310/16/13

    Fingerprint

    Soot
    Engines
    Diesel engines
    Fuel injection
    Engine cylinders
    Rails
    Luminescence
    Lasers

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Automotive Engineering

    Cite this

    O'Connor, J. A., & Musculus, M. P. B. (2013). Effect of load on close-coupled post-injection efficacy for soot reduction in an optical, heavy-duty diesel research engine. In Large Bore Engines; Advanced Combustion; Emissions Control Systems; Instrumentation, Controls, and Hybrids (Vol. 1). [19037] American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2013-19037
    O'Connor, Jacqueline Antonia ; Musculus, Mark P.B. / Effect of load on close-coupled post-injection efficacy for soot reduction in an optical, heavy-duty diesel research engine. Large Bore Engines; Advanced Combustion; Emissions Control Systems; Instrumentation, Controls, and Hybrids. Vol. 1 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2013.
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    abstract = "The use of close-coupled post injections of fuel is an incylinder soot-reduction technique that has much promise for high efficiency, heavy-duty diesel engines. Close-coupled post injections, short injections of fuel that occur soon after the end of the main fuel injection, have been known to reduce engineout soot at a wide range of engine operating conditions, including variations in injection timing, EGR level, load, boost, and speed. While many studies have investigated the performance of post injections, the details of the mechanism by which soot is reduced remains unclear. In this study, we have measured the efficacy of post injections over a range of load conditions, at constant speed, boost, and rail pressure, in a heavy-duty, optically-accessible research diesel engine. Here, the base load is varied by changing the main-injection duration. Measurements of engine-out soot indicate that not only does the efficacy of a post injection decrease at higher engine loads, but that the range of post-injection durations over which soot reduction is achievable is limited at higher loads. Optical measurements, including natural luminescence of soot and planar laser-induced incandescence of soot, provide information about the spatio-temporal development of in-cylinder soot through the cycle in cases with and without post injections. The optical results indicate that the post injection behaves similarly at different loads, but that its relative efficacy decreases due to the increase in soot resulting from longer main-injection durations.",
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    O'Connor, JA & Musculus, MPB 2013, Effect of load on close-coupled post-injection efficacy for soot reduction in an optical, heavy-duty diesel research engine. in Large Bore Engines; Advanced Combustion; Emissions Control Systems; Instrumentation, Controls, and Hybrids. vol. 1, 19037, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), ASME 2013 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference, ICEF 2013, Dearborn, MI, United States, 10/13/13. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2013-19037

    Effect of load on close-coupled post-injection efficacy for soot reduction in an optical, heavy-duty diesel research engine. / O'Connor, Jacqueline Antonia; Musculus, Mark P.B.

    Large Bore Engines; Advanced Combustion; Emissions Control Systems; Instrumentation, Controls, and Hybrids. Vol. 1 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2013. 19037.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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    N2 - The use of close-coupled post injections of fuel is an incylinder soot-reduction technique that has much promise for high efficiency, heavy-duty diesel engines. Close-coupled post injections, short injections of fuel that occur soon after the end of the main fuel injection, have been known to reduce engineout soot at a wide range of engine operating conditions, including variations in injection timing, EGR level, load, boost, and speed. While many studies have investigated the performance of post injections, the details of the mechanism by which soot is reduced remains unclear. In this study, we have measured the efficacy of post injections over a range of load conditions, at constant speed, boost, and rail pressure, in a heavy-duty, optically-accessible research diesel engine. Here, the base load is varied by changing the main-injection duration. Measurements of engine-out soot indicate that not only does the efficacy of a post injection decrease at higher engine loads, but that the range of post-injection durations over which soot reduction is achievable is limited at higher loads. Optical measurements, including natural luminescence of soot and planar laser-induced incandescence of soot, provide information about the spatio-temporal development of in-cylinder soot through the cycle in cases with and without post injections. The optical results indicate that the post injection behaves similarly at different loads, but that its relative efficacy decreases due to the increase in soot resulting from longer main-injection durations.

    AB - The use of close-coupled post injections of fuel is an incylinder soot-reduction technique that has much promise for high efficiency, heavy-duty diesel engines. Close-coupled post injections, short injections of fuel that occur soon after the end of the main fuel injection, have been known to reduce engineout soot at a wide range of engine operating conditions, including variations in injection timing, EGR level, load, boost, and speed. While many studies have investigated the performance of post injections, the details of the mechanism by which soot is reduced remains unclear. In this study, we have measured the efficacy of post injections over a range of load conditions, at constant speed, boost, and rail pressure, in a heavy-duty, optically-accessible research diesel engine. Here, the base load is varied by changing the main-injection duration. Measurements of engine-out soot indicate that not only does the efficacy of a post injection decrease at higher engine loads, but that the range of post-injection durations over which soot reduction is achievable is limited at higher loads. Optical measurements, including natural luminescence of soot and planar laser-induced incandescence of soot, provide information about the spatio-temporal development of in-cylinder soot through the cycle in cases with and without post injections. The optical results indicate that the post injection behaves similarly at different loads, but that its relative efficacy decreases due to the increase in soot resulting from longer main-injection durations.

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    O'Connor JA, Musculus MPB. Effect of load on close-coupled post-injection efficacy for soot reduction in an optical, heavy-duty diesel research engine. In Large Bore Engines; Advanced Combustion; Emissions Control Systems; Instrumentation, Controls, and Hybrids. Vol. 1. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). 2013. 19037 https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2013-19037