Oxidation is a major problem with respect to wine quality, and winemakers have few tools at their disposal to control it. In this study, the effect of exogenous Fe(II) (bipyridine; Ferrozine) and Fe(III) chelators (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, EDTA; phytic acid) on nonenzymatic wine oxidation was examined. The ability of these chelators to affect the formation of 1-hydroxyethyl radicals (1-HER) and acetaldehyde was measured using a spin trapping technique with electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and by HPLC-PDA, respectively. The chelators were then investigated for their ability to prevent the oxidative loss of an important aroma-active thiol, 3-mercaptohexan-1-ol (3MH). The Fe(II)-specific chelators were more effective than the Fe(III) chelators with respect to 1-HER inhibition during the early stages of oxidation and significantly reduced oxidation markers compared to a control during the study. However, although the addition of Fe(III) chelators was less effective or even showed an initial pro-oxidant activity, the Fe(III) chelators proved to be more effective antioxidants compared to Fe(II) chelators after 8 days of accelerated oxidation. In addition, it is shown for the first time that Fe(II) and Fe(III) chelators can significantly inhibit the oxidative loss of 3MH in model wine.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of agricultural and food chemistry|
|State||Published - Oct 2 2013|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)