We report experimental research on frictional strength and stability properties of shale fractures during slip. Longmaxi shale, Green River shale and Marcellus shale are selected for constant-velocity and velocity-stepping fracture shear experiments. Combing with theoretical analysis, micro controlling mechanism of mineralogy on frictional strength and stability properties of shale fractures is discussed. Results indicate that the fracture friction-stability relationship is largely affected by shale mineralogy. Frictional strength of shale fractures increases when tectosilicate content increases and phyllosilicate content decreases; during velocity-stepping experiments, three kinds of shale show velocity-strengthening behavior, which means an aseismic creep tends to occur; with the increase content of tectosilicate, shale fractures tend to have seismic slip while with the increase of phyllosilicate content, stable aseismic creep happens.