Effect of multiwall carbon nanotube reinforcement on coaxially extruded cellular vascular conduits

Yahui Zhang, Yin Yu, Farzaneh Dolati, Ibrahim Tarik Ozbolat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Due to its abundant source, good biocompatibility, low price and mild crosslinking process, alginate is an ideal selection for tissue engineering applications. In this work, alginate vascular conduits were fabricated through a coaxial extrusion-based system. However, due to the inherent weak mechanical properties of alginate, the vascular conduits are not capable of biomimicking natural vascular system. In this paper, multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) were used to reinforce vascular conduits. Mechanical, dehydration, swelling and degradation tests were performed to understand influences of MWCNT reinforcement. The unique mechanical properties together with perfusion and diffusional capability are two important factors to mimic the nature. Thus, perfusion experiments were also conducted to explore the MWCNT reinforcement effect. In addition, cell viability and tissue histology were conducted to evaluate the biological performance of conduits both in short and long term for MWCNT reinforcement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-133
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2014

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
reinforcement
Carbon nanotubes
Alginate
Reinforcement
carbon nanotubes
mechanical properties
cardiovascular system
Mechanical properties
Histology
histology
tissue engineering
biocompatibility
crosslinking
Dehydration
Biocompatibility
Tissue engineering
viability
dehydration
swelling

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Due to its abundant source, good biocompatibility, low price and mild crosslinking process, alginate is an ideal selection for tissue engineering applications. In this work, alginate vascular conduits were fabricated through a coaxial extrusion-based system. However, due to the inherent weak mechanical properties of alginate, the vascular conduits are not capable of biomimicking natural vascular system. In this paper, multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) were used to reinforce vascular conduits. Mechanical, dehydration, swelling and degradation tests were performed to understand influences of MWCNT reinforcement. The unique mechanical properties together with perfusion and diffusional capability are two important factors to mimic the nature. Thus, perfusion experiments were also conducted to explore the MWCNT reinforcement effect. In addition, cell viability and tissue histology were conducted to evaluate the biological performance of conduits both in short and long term for MWCNT reinforcement.",
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Effect of multiwall carbon nanotube reinforcement on coaxially extruded cellular vascular conduits. / Zhang, Yahui; Yu, Yin; Dolati, Farzaneh; Ozbolat, Ibrahim Tarik.

In: Materials Science and Engineering C, Vol. 39, No. 1, 01.06.2014, p. 126-133.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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