Effect of oscillator strength and intermediate resonance on the performance of resonant phonon-based terahertz quantum cascade lasers

S. Fathololoumi, E. Dupont, Z. R. Wasilewski, C. W.I. Chan, S. G. Razavipour, S. R. Laframboise, Shengxi Huang, Q. Hu, D. Ban, H. C. Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

We experimentally investigated the effect of oscillator strength (radiative transition diagonality) on the performance of resonant phonon-based terahertz quantum cascade lasers that have been optimized using a simplified density matrix formalism. Our results show that the maximum lasing temperature (T max) is roughly independent of laser transition diagonality within the lasing frequency range of the devices under test (3.2-3.7 THz) when cavity loss is kept low. Furthermore, the threshold current can be lowered by employing more diagonal transition designs, which can effectively suppress parasitic leakage caused by intermediate resonance between the injection and the downstream extraction levels. Nevertheless, the current carrying capacity through the designed lasing channel in more diagonal designs may sacrifice even more, leading to electrical instability and, potentially, complete inhibition of the devices lasing operation. We propose a hypothesis based on electric-field domain formation and competition/switching of different current-carrying channels to explain observed electrical instability in devices with lower oscillator strengths. The study indicates that not only should designers maximize Tmax during device optimization but also they should always consider the risk of electrical instability in device operation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number113109
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume113
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 21 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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