Effect of Ovariectomy on Hormone Receptors and Growth of N-Nitrosomethylurea-induced Mammary Tumors in the Rat

Baha'uddin Arafah, Pietro Gullino, Andrea Manni, Olof Pearson

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Abstract

Estrogen receptor(s) (ER), progesterone receptor(s) (PGR), androgen receptor(s) (ANR), and prolactin receptor(s) (PRLR) were measured in N-nitrosomethylurea-induced mammary tumors in intact female Sprague-Dawley rats and in rats 9 days after ovariectomy. Following ovariectomy, 12 of 15 tumors regressed to 47.7 ± 5.5% of the original size (hormone-de-pendent tumors), while the remaining three had arrest of growth reaching 88.8 ± 7.3% of their original sizes. Cytosol ER level was 50.3 ± 6.6 fmol/mg protein in tumors of intact rats and was significantly lower (25.6 ± 8.3 fmol/mg, p < 0.025) in the ovariectomized group. PGR was abundantly present in ten of 13 tumors of intact rats (mean, 144.5 ± 46.8) but was undetectable in five of six hormone-dependent tumors after ovariectomy (p < 0.01). ANR was detectable at low levels in only four of 13 tumors of intact rats but in none of six hormone-dependent tumors after ovariectomy. PRLR was not significantly different in tumors of intact and ovariectomized rats (20.6 ± 2.4 and 15.6 ± 1.8 fmol/mg, respectively). In three tumors that had arrest of growth after ovariectomy, the levels of ER, PGR, ANR, and PRLR were not significantly different from those of the hormone-dependent tumors. We conclude that the majority of N-nitrosomethylurea-induced rat mammary tumors are hormone dependent. ER, PGR, and PRLR were abundantly present in the majority of these tumors, while ANR was present in only four of 13 tumors. The levels of ER and PGR were significantly lower following ovariectomy, while PRLR was not significantly changed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4628-4630
Number of pages3
JournalCancer Research
Volume40
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 1980

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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