Effect of physical activity on menopausal symptoms among urban women

Deborah B. Nelson, Mary D. Sammel, Ellen W. Freeman, Hui Lin, Clarisa R. Gracia, Kathryn H. Schmitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine whether physical activity, measured by expended kilocalories per week (kcal·wk), decreases the risk of menopausal symptoms among African American and Caucasian women. METHODS: Level of physical activity and menopausal symptoms, including hot flashes, depression, anxiety, stress, and vasomotor, physiological, and somatic symptom summaries were measured in 401 women during an 8-yr period. Tertiles of physical activity at each assessment were defined as kilocalories per week: top third (≥ 1450 kcal·wk), middle third (< 1450 to 644 kcal·wk), and bottom third (< 644 kcal·wk). Regression models were used to estimate the independent effect of physical activity at each time period on menopausal symptoms after adjusting for covariates and hormone levels. Results were also stratified by race, smoking status, and menopausal status. RESULTS: Overall, only perceived stress was related to level of physical activity, with women in both the middle and top tertiles of physical activity reporting lower mean levels of stress compared with women in the lowest tertile of activity. In the analysis by menopausal stage, active postmenopausal women continued to report lower mean levels of anxiety, stress, and depressive symptoms compared with inactive postmenopausal women. We did not find an association between level of physical activity and reports of hot flashes, even after adjusting for the variability in the hormonal changes. CONCLUSIONS: Among a cohort of community-dwelling women, high levels of physical activity were related to lower levels of stress during an 8-yr follow-up period. In addition, levels of anxiety, stress, and depression were lowest among physically active postmenopausal women compared with inactive women in the same menopausal grouping.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-58
Number of pages9
JournalMedicine and science in sports and exercise
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

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Exercise
Hot Flashes
Anxiety
Depression
Independent Living
African Americans
Smoking
Hormones

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Nelson, Deborah B. ; Sammel, Mary D. ; Freeman, Ellen W. ; Lin, Hui ; Gracia, Clarisa R. ; Schmitz, Kathryn H. / Effect of physical activity on menopausal symptoms among urban women. In: Medicine and science in sports and exercise. 2008 ; Vol. 40, No. 1. pp. 50-58.
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Effect of physical activity on menopausal symptoms among urban women. / Nelson, Deborah B.; Sammel, Mary D.; Freeman, Ellen W.; Lin, Hui; Gracia, Clarisa R.; Schmitz, Kathryn H.

In: Medicine and science in sports and exercise, Vol. 40, No. 1, 01.01.2008, p. 50-58.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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