A novel method has been developed for anchoring quaternary ammonium/epoxide-forming compounds (QAEs) within bituminous based granular activated carbons (GACs). This modified GAC was then used to remove perchlorate from groundwater. The effect of the preparation temperature (T), solution pH (pH) and the dry mass ratio of QAE-to-GAC (R) over the perchlorate adsorption capacity (Qe) were studied by the Response Surface Methodology. The combined effects of these variables were fitted to a quadratic model to determine the more favorable preparation protocol for perchlorate removal. Statistical analysis revealed that: (1) the interaction of T and pH incurred the most effect on Qe; and (2) two of the more favorable preparation protocols became apparent: one was at 75°C, pH 11 and R of 1.73g QAE/g GAC (U17), the other was at 35°C, pH 14 and R of 4.00g QAE/g GAC (U2). Rapid small scale column tests were further employed to evaluate the performance of the QAE-anchored GACs for perchlorate removal. U17 and U2 exhibited 18-20 times longer bed life (BV) to 6ppb breakthrough than did the Pristine GAC (900BV), when processing groundwater that had been spiked with 30-35ppb perchlorate. This indicated the statistical method enhanced GAC's perchlorate removal efficiency.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering