Effect of preparation protocol on anchoring quaternary ammonium/epoxide-forming compound into granular activated carbon for perchlorate adsorption: Enhancement by Response Surface Methodology

Pin Hou, Fred S. Cannon, Cesar Nieto-Delgado, Nicole R. Brown, Xin Gu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

A novel method has been developed for anchoring quaternary ammonium/epoxide-forming compounds (QAEs) within bituminous based granular activated carbons (GACs). This modified GAC was then used to remove perchlorate from groundwater. The effect of the preparation temperature (T), solution pH (pH) and the dry mass ratio of QAE-to-GAC (R) over the perchlorate adsorption capacity (Qe) were studied by the Response Surface Methodology. The combined effects of these variables were fitted to a quadratic model to determine the more favorable preparation protocol for perchlorate removal. Statistical analysis revealed that: (1) the interaction of T and pH incurred the most effect on Qe; and (2) two of the more favorable preparation protocols became apparent: one was at 75°C, pH 11 and R of 1.73g QAE/g GAC (U17), the other was at 35°C, pH 14 and R of 4.00g QAE/g GAC (U2). Rapid small scale column tests were further employed to evaluate the performance of the QAE-anchored GACs for perchlorate removal. U17 and U2 exhibited 18-20 times longer bed life (BV) to 6ppb breakthrough than did the Pristine GAC (900BV), when processing groundwater that had been spiked with 30-35ppb perchlorate. This indicated the statistical method enhanced GAC's perchlorate removal efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-317
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume223
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of preparation protocol on anchoring quaternary ammonium/epoxide-forming compound into granular activated carbon for perchlorate adsorption: Enhancement by Response Surface Methodology'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this