This work presents the effects of input processing parameters and strut thickness (in square struts) on microstructure and properties in laser powder bed fusion additively manufactured stainless steel 316L lattice-emulating structures. Lattice-emulating X-structures with square cross-sections of 1.5, 1.0, and 0.5 mm were fabricated using three different parameter sets with varying power, speed, and therefore, linear energy density. Grain size and morphology were shown to be dictated by epitaxial growth, which was dependent on weld pool morphology. Additionally, grain size and morphology were shown to change across the thickness direction of the struts (from the bottom inclined surface to the top inclined surface). The spatial variation in grain size was reflected by changes in hardness through the thickness of each strut. The 0.5 mm struts exhibited more significant grain elongation in the strut direction and larger sub-grain solidification cell diameters than their thicker counterparts. The larger sub-grain solidification cell diameters in the 0.5 mm samples resulted in correspondingly lower hardness values when compared to samples of higher thicknesses.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Materials Science(all)
- Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering