The phase formation, densification behavior, and microstructure development of Sr2NaNb5O15 (SNN) ceramics in both 10 wt% acicular Sr2KNb5O15 (SKN) seed-containing and unseeded systems were investigated in this work. SNN ceramics were reactively sintered from SrNb2O6 and NaNbO3 powders. The results show that the acicular SKN seeds not only accelerate SNN phase formation but also promote the densification at lower temperature. In reactive sintering, the acicular SKN seeds prepared by the molten salt synthesis method can give rise to the formation of a liquid phase and provide the structural framework for the grain growth of ceramics, leading to the formation of large anisotropic grains (>80 μm) in ceramics sintered at 1340°C. However, there are no such large anisotropic grains obtained in the SKN-free system. Observation of the large anisotropic grain growth is explained by the liquid-phase-assisted growth mechanism. For comparison, the microstructure evolution in the system with 10 wt% SKN seed, which was prepared by the conventional mixed-oxide method and without acicular morphology, was also investigated to further support the new growth mechanism.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Materials Chemistry