Patients with diabetes mellitus exhibit postprandial hyperglycemia, systemic oxidative stress, impaired endothelium-dependent, nitric oxide (NO)-mediated coronary artery dilatation, and an increased incidence of coronary events. Whether hyperglycemia causally mediates these associations is unknown. To test the hypothesis that postprandial hyperglycemia acutely impairs coronary endothelial function in humans, we compared the ability of the endothelium-dependent vasodilator acetylcholine to increase conduit coronary diameter (the macrovascular response) and coronary blood flow velocity (the microvascular response) in 12 cardiac transplant recipients without diabetes before and after blood glucose was raised from 6.7 ± 1.3 mmol/l (121 ± 24 mg/dl) to 17.8 ± 1.5 mmol/l (321 ± 27 mg/dl) for 1 h. Hyperglycemia acutely doubled circulating levels of the oxidation product malondialdehyde, indicating systemic oxidative stress, but did not affect the ability of acetylcholine to dilate conduit coronary segments or accelerate coronary blood flow. We conclude that the oxidative stress associated with a single acute episode of hyperglycemia affects neither acetylcholine-mediated coronary endothelial NO release nor the subsequent bioavailability, metabolism, or action of NO within the coronary circulation of cardiac transplant recipients. These observations imply that the relationship among hyperglycemia, oxidative stress, and coronary endothelial dysfunction is presumably mediated by mechanisms operating over longer periods of time.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|State||Published - Jul 2007|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)