Effect of sonic and ultrasonic frequencies on the crystallization of basalt

Karen S. Bartels, Tanya Furman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Experiments were conducted to determine whether vibrations with frequencies in the sonic to ultrasonic range have any effect on the crystallization of basalt. One-atmosphere melting experiments were done at the QFM buffer on a sample of alkali basalt. A piezoelectric quartz crystal and a function generator were used to generate waves of 1.5 MHz and 150 kHz, and waves were propagated along the platinum quench wire to which the experimental charge was attached. Experiments were conducted at 1182 °C; at this temperature the sample was about 25% crystalline and contained olivine and plagioclase. Compared to the static control experiments, vibrated experiments produced plagioclase crystals that were less euhedral and had lower aspect ratios. Crystal size distributions for plagioclase were steeper for the vibrated experiments, with a higher population density of smaller crystals. The effect on olivine crystal size distributions was less. If the effect on plagioclase extends to lower vibrational frequencies, it is possible that this phenomenon may occur in magmas prior to eruption. The experimental technique developed to produce vibrations is potentially useful for improving homogeneity of melt and increasing likelihood of achieving mineral-melt equilibrium in partitioning experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-226
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Volume87
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

Fingerprint

plagioclase
Crystallization
basalt
crystallization
ultrasonics
Ultrasonics
crystal
olivine
crystals
Crystals
experiment
Experiments
function generators
piezoelectric crystals
low aspect ratio
vibration
quartz crystals
volcanic eruptions
homogeneity
alkalies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

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Effect of sonic and ultrasonic frequencies on the crystallization of basalt. / Bartels, Karen S.; Furman, Tanya.

In: American Mineralogist, Vol. 87, No. 2-3, 01.01.2002, p. 217-226.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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