Effect of strong nonuniformity in grain boundary energy on 3-D grain growth behavior: A phase-field simulation study

Kunok Chang, Long Qing Chen, Carl E. Krill, Nele Moelans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Large-scale phase-field simulations were performed of the evolution of grain structures with nonuniform grain boundary energy. A novel approach is proposed to determine the average grain boundary dihedral angles between the grain faces along triple and quadruple line junctions from 3-D voxel-based microstructures. We examine the effect of grain boundary energy nonuniformity on the distributions of the grain size, number of faces per grain, and dihedral angles between grain faces. We study the effect of the initial grain size distribution on the evolution toward steady state for both nonuniform and uniform boundary energy systems. The steady-state grain size and number of faces distributions remain unimodal under all conditions investigated, whereas the dihedral angle distribution is found to become multi-modal when the ratio R=σHL between high and low grain boundary energies lies in the range of 1.39–1.81. In addition, when R≈2 a topological transition is observed from a structure with grain faces meeting at triple lines (which themselves terminate in quadruple points) toward one in which the grain faces meet primarily at quadruple line junctions (ending at compact regions of triple junctions or very short triple lines).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-77
Number of pages11
JournalComputational Materials Science
Volume127
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Computational Mathematics

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