Previously we have demonstrated improved stability of coconut milk emulsions homogenized with various surface-active stabilizers, i.e., 1 wt% sodium caseinate, whey protein isolate (WPI), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), or polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate (Tween 20) [Tangsuphoom, N., & Coupland, J. N. (2008). Effect of surface-active stabilizers on the microstructure and stability of coconut milk emulsions. Food Hydrocolloids, 22(7), 1233-1242]. This study examines the changes in bulk and microstructural properties of those emulsions following thermal treatments normally used to preserve coconut milk products (i.e., -20 °C, -10 °C, 5 °C, 70 °C, 90 °C, and 120 °C). Calorimetric methods were used to determine the destabilization of emulsions and the denaturation of coconut and surface-active proteins. Homogenized coconut milk prepared without additives was destabilized by freeze-thaw, (-20 °C and -10 °C) but not by chilling (5 °C). Samples homogenized with proteins were not affected by low temperature treatments while those prepared with surfactants were stable to chilling but partially or fully coalesced following freeze-thaw. Homogenized coconut milk prepared without additives coalesced and flocculated after being heated at 90 °C or 120 °C for 1 h in due to the denaturation and subsequent aggregation of coconut proteins. Samples emulsified with caseinate were not affected by heat treatments while those prepared with WPI showed extensive coalescence and phase separation after being treated at 90 °C or 120 °C. Samples prepared with SDS were stable to heating but those prepared with Tween 20 completely destabilized by heating at 120 °C.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Chemical Engineering(all)