Human subjects participated in a training/detraining paradigm which consisted of 7 wk of intense endurance training followed by 3 wk of inactivity. In previously sedentary subjects, training produced a 23.9 ± 7.2% increase in maximal aerobic power (V̇O2 (max)) (group S). Detraiing did not affect group S V̇O2(max). In previously trained subjects (group T), the training/detraining paradigm did not affect V̇O2(max). In group S, training produced an increase in vastus lateralis muscle citrate synthase (CS) activities (nmol·mg protein-1·min-1) from 67.1 ± 14.5 to 106.9 ± 22.0. Detraining produced a decrease in CS activity to 80 ± 14.6. In group T, pretraining CS activity (139.5 ± 14.9) did not change in response to training. Detraining, however, produced a decrease in CS activity (121.5 ± 7.8 to 66.8 ± 5.9). Group S respiratory exchange ratios obtained during submaximal exercise at 60% V̇O2(max) (R60) decreased in response to training (1.00 ± 0.02 to 0.87 ± 0.02) and increased (0.96 ± 0.02) after detraining. Group T R60 (0.91 ± 0.01) was not affected by training but increased (0.89 ± 0.02 to 0.95 ± 0.02) after detraining. R60 was correlated to changes in CS activity but was unrelated to changes in V̇O2(max). These data support the hypothesis that the mitochondrial content of working skeletal muscle is an important determinant of substrate utilization during submaximal exercise.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)