Carbon nanotubes (CNs) are electrically small particles at infrared and microwave frequencies. The Mossotti-Clausius formalism for estimating the effective permittivity dyadic of a dilute composite containing CN inclusions is described, and simplifications for certain orientational statistics are discussed. The polarizability dyadic of an electrically small CN is estimated from that of an infinitely long CN of the same cross-sectional diameter. A collection of randomly dispersed, aligned, nonchiral, electrically small CNs is shown to be transparent in the axial direction, but it can be either opaque or transparent in the transverse plane. Its effective electromagnetic response properties can be manipulated by a biasing magnetic field.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)