Effective tobacco cessation via health coaching: An institutional case report

Gary A. Sforzo, Miranda Kaye, Gale D. Ayers, Betina Talbert, Marilyn Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Tobacco abuse is a wellrecognized scourge on health and healthcare costs. Attempts to facilitate tobacco cessation are rarely better than marginally effective. Primary Objective: To describe an observational trial of an existing and highly successful tobacco cessation program featuring health coaching as the primary intervention. Core components of program design and data are presented and may serve as a model for other public health settings. Methods: Health coaching and three complementary program components (auriculotherapy, alpha-electrical stimulation, and relaxation techniques) are presented. Quit rates at 6 months for 161 patients over 3 years are provided featuring 30-day point prevalence smoke free and intent-totreat values. Comparisons for telephonic vs in-clinic health coaching, free choice vs mandated participation, and program costs are provided. Results: Point prevalence quit rate was 88.7% while the more conservative intent-to-treat quit rate was 51.6%. Telephonic and in-clinic health coaching were not significantly different at any time point. Smokefree rates at 6 and 12 months were 76.9% and 63.2%, respectively. Conclusions: Two cost-effective smoking cessation models featuring health coaching are presented. Point prevalence (30-day) above 80% and an enduring effect was seen. Personal and societal burdens (health and financial) of tobacco use might be greatly impacted if such programs were successfully implemented on a larger scale.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-44
Number of pages8
JournalGlobal Advances In Health and Medicine
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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