Effective UVGI system design through improved modeling

W. J. Kowalski, William P. Bahnfleth

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper summarizes an improved methodology for predicting the rate of airstream disinfection for UVGI systems that will enable effective designs and lower energy costs. This approach uses radiative view factors to define the three-dimensional intensity field for lamps and reflective surfaces inside enclosures. Lamp photosensor data for a variety of lamps are shown to agree more closely with the view factor model than with models using the Inverse Square Law. The intensity field due to reflectivity from internal surfaces is determined by assuming diffuse reflectivity. An analytical method is used to determine the inter-reflection component of intensity due to multiple internal reflections. The superposition of these components yields a three-dimensional intensity field matrix that can be used to calculate disinfection rates for any given microbial rate constant. Results from laboratory bioassays using S. marcescens in various duct configurations have corroborated model predictions within ±15% in most cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalASHRAE Transactions
Volume106
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000
Event2000 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineerings, INC - Minneapolis, MN, USA
Duration: Jun 25 2000Jun 28 2000

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Systems analysis
Electric lamps
Disinfection
Bioassay
Enclosures
Ducts
Rate constants
Costs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper summarizes an improved methodology for predicting the rate of airstream disinfection for UVGI systems that will enable effective designs and lower energy costs. This approach uses radiative view factors to define the three-dimensional intensity field for lamps and reflective surfaces inside enclosures. Lamp photosensor data for a variety of lamps are shown to agree more closely with the view factor model than with models using the Inverse Square Law. The intensity field due to reflectivity from internal surfaces is determined by assuming diffuse reflectivity. An analytical method is used to determine the inter-reflection component of intensity due to multiple internal reflections. The superposition of these components yields a three-dimensional intensity field matrix that can be used to calculate disinfection rates for any given microbial rate constant. Results from laboratory bioassays using S. marcescens in various duct configurations have corroborated model predictions within ±15{\%} in most cases.",
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Effective UVGI system design through improved modeling. / Kowalski, W. J.; Bahnfleth, William P.

In: ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 106, 01.12.2000.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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