The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of scholarship on effects of media communication. To organize this vast literature, this chapter highlights three broad classes of effects: those that reflect cumulative, gradual exposure to messages; those that occur in the immediate viewing context; and those related to audience use, interpretation, and response. We end the chapter by examining what newer technologies imply for effects-related theories, as well as suggesting possible directions for future research.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Arts and Humanities(all)
- Social Sciences(all)