Effects of a Hadron Irradiation on Scintillating Fibers

B. Abbott, R. Davies, D. Koltick, R. McIlwain, J. Schmitz, E. Shibata, D. Adams, H. Miettenen, J. Skeens, T. Armstrong, A. Hasan, Steven Heppelmann, R. A. Lewis, R. Moore, B. Oh, J. Passaneau, R. Scalise, G. A. Smith, W. Toothacket, J. WhitmoreM. Atac, C. Buchanan, D. Chrisman, D. Cline, J. Kolonko, J. Kubic, J. Park, A. Baumbaugh, M. Binkley, B. Baumbaugh, J. Bishop, N. Biswas, N. Cason, J. Jaques, R. Kehoe, V. Kenney, J. LoSeccc, J. Marchant, R. J. Mountain, W. Shephard, J. Warchol, M. Wayne, S. Bird, G. Collins, H. Fenket, J. Thomas, A. D. Bross, J. Elias, D. Finley, G. W. Foster, R. Kephart, C. Kim, H. Park, A. Pla-Dalmau, C. Rivetta, S. Tkaczyk, R. Wagner, R. Chaney, E. Fenyves, H. Hammack, J. Kauffman, B. Lowery, J. Orgeron, M. Chung, H. Goldberg, R. Jesik, S. Margulies, H. Mendez, R. Ruchti, J. Solomon, F. Vaca, M. Corcoran, D. Davis, D. Vandergriff, C. Kelley, M. Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Trackers based on scintillating-fiber technology are being considered by the Solenoidal Detector Collaboration at SSC and the DØ collaboration at Fermilab. An important issue is the effect of the radiation existing in the detector cores on fiber properties. Most studies of radiation damage in scintillators have irradiated small bulk samples rather than fibers, and have used X-rays, 60Co gammas, or electron beams, often at accelerated rates. We have irradiated some 600 fibers in the Fermilab Tevatron CØ area, thereby obtaining a hadronic irradiation at realistic rates. Four-meter-long samples of ten Bicron polystyrene-based fiber types, maintained in air, dry nitrogen, argon, and vacuum atmospheres within stainless-steel tubes, were irradiated for seven weeks at various distances from the accelerator beam pipes. Maximum doses, measured by thermoluminescence detectors, were about 80 Krad. Fiber properties, particularly light yield and attenuation length, have been measured over a oneyear period. A description of the work together with the results is presented. At the doses achieved, corresponding to a few years of actual fiber-tracking detector operation, little degradation is observed. In addition, recovery after several days' exposure to air has been noted. Properties of unirradiated samples kept in darkness show no changes after one year.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)476-483
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

Fingerprint

scintillating fibers
Irradiation
irradiation
fibers
Fibers
Detectors
detectors
darkness
dosage
air
Thermoluminescence
thermoluminescence
radiation damage
Radiation damage
scintillation counters
Air
stainless steels
polystyrene
Phosphors
accelerators

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Abbott, B., Davies, R., Koltick, D., McIlwain, R., Schmitz, J., Shibata, E., ... Kelly, M. (1993). Effects of a Hadron Irradiation on Scintillating Fibers. IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 40(4), 476-483. https://doi.org/10.1109/23.256604
Abbott, B. ; Davies, R. ; Koltick, D. ; McIlwain, R. ; Schmitz, J. ; Shibata, E. ; Adams, D. ; Miettenen, H. ; Skeens, J. ; Armstrong, T. ; Hasan, A. ; Heppelmann, Steven ; Lewis, R. A. ; Moore, R. ; Oh, B. ; Passaneau, J. ; Scalise, R. ; Smith, G. A. ; Toothacket, W. ; Whitmore, J. ; Atac, M. ; Buchanan, C. ; Chrisman, D. ; Cline, D. ; Kolonko, J. ; Kubic, J. ; Park, J. ; Baumbaugh, A. ; Binkley, M. ; Baumbaugh, B. ; Bishop, J. ; Biswas, N. ; Cason, N. ; Jaques, J. ; Kehoe, R. ; Kenney, V. ; LoSeccc, J. ; Marchant, J. ; Mountain, R. J. ; Shephard, W. ; Warchol, J. ; Wayne, M. ; Bird, S. ; Collins, G. ; Fenket, H. ; Thomas, J. ; Bross, A. D. ; Elias, J. ; Finley, D. ; Foster, G. W. ; Kephart, R. ; Kim, C. ; Park, H. ; Pla-Dalmau, A. ; Rivetta, C. ; Tkaczyk, S. ; Wagner, R. ; Chaney, R. ; Fenyves, E. ; Hammack, H. ; Kauffman, J. ; Lowery, B. ; Orgeron, J. ; Chung, M. ; Goldberg, H. ; Jesik, R. ; Margulies, S. ; Mendez, H. ; Ruchti, R. ; Solomon, J. ; Vaca, F. ; Corcoran, M. ; Davis, D. ; Vandergriff, D. ; Kelley, C. ; Kelly, M. / Effects of a Hadron Irradiation on Scintillating Fibers. In: IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science. 1993 ; Vol. 40, No. 4. pp. 476-483.
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abstract = "Trackers based on scintillating-fiber technology are being considered by the Solenoidal Detector Collaboration at SSC and the D{\O} collaboration at Fermilab. An important issue is the effect of the radiation existing in the detector cores on fiber properties. Most studies of radiation damage in scintillators have irradiated small bulk samples rather than fibers, and have used X-rays, 60Co gammas, or electron beams, often at accelerated rates. We have irradiated some 600 fibers in the Fermilab Tevatron C{\O} area, thereby obtaining a hadronic irradiation at realistic rates. Four-meter-long samples of ten Bicron polystyrene-based fiber types, maintained in air, dry nitrogen, argon, and vacuum atmospheres within stainless-steel tubes, were irradiated for seven weeks at various distances from the accelerator beam pipes. Maximum doses, measured by thermoluminescence detectors, were about 80 Krad. Fiber properties, particularly light yield and attenuation length, have been measured over a oneyear period. A description of the work together with the results is presented. At the doses achieved, corresponding to a few years of actual fiber-tracking detector operation, little degradation is observed. In addition, recovery after several days' exposure to air has been noted. Properties of unirradiated samples kept in darkness show no changes after one year.",
author = "B. Abbott and R. Davies and D. Koltick and R. McIlwain and J. Schmitz and E. Shibata and D. Adams and H. Miettenen and J. Skeens and T. Armstrong and A. Hasan and Steven Heppelmann and Lewis, {R. A.} and R. Moore and B. Oh and J. Passaneau and R. Scalise and Smith, {G. A.} and W. Toothacket and J. Whitmore and M. Atac and C. Buchanan and D. Chrisman and D. Cline and J. Kolonko and J. Kubic and J. Park and A. Baumbaugh and M. Binkley and B. Baumbaugh and J. Bishop and N. Biswas and N. Cason and J. Jaques and R. Kehoe and V. Kenney and J. LoSeccc and J. Marchant and Mountain, {R. J.} and W. Shephard and J. Warchol and M. Wayne and S. Bird and G. Collins and H. Fenket and J. Thomas and Bross, {A. D.} and J. Elias and D. Finley and Foster, {G. W.} and R. Kephart and C. Kim and H. Park and A. Pla-Dalmau and C. Rivetta and S. Tkaczyk and R. Wagner and R. Chaney and E. Fenyves and H. Hammack and J. Kauffman and B. Lowery and J. Orgeron and M. Chung and H. Goldberg and R. Jesik and S. Margulies and H. Mendez and R. Ruchti and J. Solomon and F. Vaca and M. Corcoran and D. Davis and D. Vandergriff and C. Kelley and M. Kelly",
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Abbott, B, Davies, R, Koltick, D, McIlwain, R, Schmitz, J, Shibata, E, Adams, D, Miettenen, H, Skeens, J, Armstrong, T, Hasan, A, Heppelmann, S, Lewis, RA, Moore, R, Oh, B, Passaneau, J, Scalise, R, Smith, GA, Toothacket, W, Whitmore, J, Atac, M, Buchanan, C, Chrisman, D, Cline, D, Kolonko, J, Kubic, J, Park, J, Baumbaugh, A, Binkley, M, Baumbaugh, B, Bishop, J, Biswas, N, Cason, N, Jaques, J, Kehoe, R, Kenney, V, LoSeccc, J, Marchant, J, Mountain, RJ, Shephard, W, Warchol, J, Wayne, M, Bird, S, Collins, G, Fenket, H, Thomas, J, Bross, AD, Elias, J, Finley, D, Foster, GW, Kephart, R, Kim, C, Park, H, Pla-Dalmau, A, Rivetta, C, Tkaczyk, S, Wagner, R, Chaney, R, Fenyves, E, Hammack, H, Kauffman, J, Lowery, B, Orgeron, J, Chung, M, Goldberg, H, Jesik, R, Margulies, S, Mendez, H, Ruchti, R, Solomon, J, Vaca, F, Corcoran, M, Davis, D, Vandergriff, D, Kelley, C & Kelly, M 1993, 'Effects of a Hadron Irradiation on Scintillating Fibers', IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 476-483. https://doi.org/10.1109/23.256604

Effects of a Hadron Irradiation on Scintillating Fibers. / Abbott, B.; Davies, R.; Koltick, D.; McIlwain, R.; Schmitz, J.; Shibata, E.; Adams, D.; Miettenen, H.; Skeens, J.; Armstrong, T.; Hasan, A.; Heppelmann, Steven; Lewis, R. A.; Moore, R.; Oh, B.; Passaneau, J.; Scalise, R.; Smith, G. A.; Toothacket, W.; Whitmore, J.; Atac, M.; Buchanan, C.; Chrisman, D.; Cline, D.; Kolonko, J.; Kubic, J.; Park, J.; Baumbaugh, A.; Binkley, M.; Baumbaugh, B.; Bishop, J.; Biswas, N.; Cason, N.; Jaques, J.; Kehoe, R.; Kenney, V.; LoSeccc, J.; Marchant, J.; Mountain, R. J.; Shephard, W.; Warchol, J.; Wayne, M.; Bird, S.; Collins, G.; Fenket, H.; Thomas, J.; Bross, A. D.; Elias, J.; Finley, D.; Foster, G. W.; Kephart, R.; Kim, C.; Park, H.; Pla-Dalmau, A.; Rivetta, C.; Tkaczyk, S.; Wagner, R.; Chaney, R.; Fenyves, E.; Hammack, H.; Kauffman, J.; Lowery, B.; Orgeron, J.; Chung, M.; Goldberg, H.; Jesik, R.; Margulies, S.; Mendez, H.; Ruchti, R.; Solomon, J.; Vaca, F.; Corcoran, M.; Davis, D.; Vandergriff, D.; Kelley, C.; Kelly, M.

In: IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 40, No. 4, 01.01.1993, p. 476-483.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of a Hadron Irradiation on Scintillating Fibers

AU - Abbott, B.

AU - Davies, R.

AU - Koltick, D.

AU - McIlwain, R.

AU - Schmitz, J.

AU - Shibata, E.

AU - Adams, D.

AU - Miettenen, H.

AU - Skeens, J.

AU - Armstrong, T.

AU - Hasan, A.

AU - Heppelmann, Steven

AU - Lewis, R. A.

AU - Moore, R.

AU - Oh, B.

AU - Passaneau, J.

AU - Scalise, R.

AU - Smith, G. A.

AU - Toothacket, W.

AU - Whitmore, J.

AU - Atac, M.

AU - Buchanan, C.

AU - Chrisman, D.

AU - Cline, D.

AU - Kolonko, J.

AU - Kubic, J.

AU - Park, J.

AU - Baumbaugh, A.

AU - Binkley, M.

AU - Baumbaugh, B.

AU - Bishop, J.

AU - Biswas, N.

AU - Cason, N.

AU - Jaques, J.

AU - Kehoe, R.

AU - Kenney, V.

AU - LoSeccc, J.

AU - Marchant, J.

AU - Mountain, R. J.

AU - Shephard, W.

AU - Warchol, J.

AU - Wayne, M.

AU - Bird, S.

AU - Collins, G.

AU - Fenket, H.

AU - Thomas, J.

AU - Bross, A. D.

AU - Elias, J.

AU - Finley, D.

AU - Foster, G. W.

AU - Kephart, R.

AU - Kim, C.

AU - Park, H.

AU - Pla-Dalmau, A.

AU - Rivetta, C.

AU - Tkaczyk, S.

AU - Wagner, R.

AU - Chaney, R.

AU - Fenyves, E.

AU - Hammack, H.

AU - Kauffman, J.

AU - Lowery, B.

AU - Orgeron, J.

AU - Chung, M.

AU - Goldberg, H.

AU - Jesik, R.

AU - Margulies, S.

AU - Mendez, H.

AU - Ruchti, R.

AU - Solomon, J.

AU - Vaca, F.

AU - Corcoran, M.

AU - Davis, D.

AU - Vandergriff, D.

AU - Kelley, C.

AU - Kelly, M.

PY - 1993/1/1

Y1 - 1993/1/1

N2 - Trackers based on scintillating-fiber technology are being considered by the Solenoidal Detector Collaboration at SSC and the DØ collaboration at Fermilab. An important issue is the effect of the radiation existing in the detector cores on fiber properties. Most studies of radiation damage in scintillators have irradiated small bulk samples rather than fibers, and have used X-rays, 60Co gammas, or electron beams, often at accelerated rates. We have irradiated some 600 fibers in the Fermilab Tevatron CØ area, thereby obtaining a hadronic irradiation at realistic rates. Four-meter-long samples of ten Bicron polystyrene-based fiber types, maintained in air, dry nitrogen, argon, and vacuum atmospheres within stainless-steel tubes, were irradiated for seven weeks at various distances from the accelerator beam pipes. Maximum doses, measured by thermoluminescence detectors, were about 80 Krad. Fiber properties, particularly light yield and attenuation length, have been measured over a oneyear period. A description of the work together with the results is presented. At the doses achieved, corresponding to a few years of actual fiber-tracking detector operation, little degradation is observed. In addition, recovery after several days' exposure to air has been noted. Properties of unirradiated samples kept in darkness show no changes after one year.

AB - Trackers based on scintillating-fiber technology are being considered by the Solenoidal Detector Collaboration at SSC and the DØ collaboration at Fermilab. An important issue is the effect of the radiation existing in the detector cores on fiber properties. Most studies of radiation damage in scintillators have irradiated small bulk samples rather than fibers, and have used X-rays, 60Co gammas, or electron beams, often at accelerated rates. We have irradiated some 600 fibers in the Fermilab Tevatron CØ area, thereby obtaining a hadronic irradiation at realistic rates. Four-meter-long samples of ten Bicron polystyrene-based fiber types, maintained in air, dry nitrogen, argon, and vacuum atmospheres within stainless-steel tubes, were irradiated for seven weeks at various distances from the accelerator beam pipes. Maximum doses, measured by thermoluminescence detectors, were about 80 Krad. Fiber properties, particularly light yield and attenuation length, have been measured over a oneyear period. A description of the work together with the results is presented. At the doses achieved, corresponding to a few years of actual fiber-tracking detector operation, little degradation is observed. In addition, recovery after several days' exposure to air has been noted. Properties of unirradiated samples kept in darkness show no changes after one year.

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JO - IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science

JF - IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science

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ER -

Abbott B, Davies R, Koltick D, McIlwain R, Schmitz J, Shibata E et al. Effects of a Hadron Irradiation on Scintillating Fibers. IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science. 1993 Jan 1;40(4):476-483. https://doi.org/10.1109/23.256604