Effects of a milk chocolate bar per day substituted for a high- carbohydrate snack in young men on an NCEP/AHA Step 1 diet

Penny Margaret Kris-Etherton, J. A. Derr, V. A. Mustad, F. H. Seligson, T. A. Pearson

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45 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study compares the plasma cholesterol response with the isoenergetic substitution of a milk chocolate bar (46 g) given daily for a high- carbohydrate snack in healthy young men on a Step 1 Diet. Normocholesterolemic men (n = 42) were fed a Step 1 Diet for 21 d (run-in diet) followed by a 27-d experimental period during which they consumed the same diet plus either a milk chocolate bar or a high-carbohydrate snack; after this they consumed the run-in diet for 21 d followed by the other snack for 27 d. When subjects consumed a milk chocolate bar instead of the high- carbohydrate snack, high-density-lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol was 0.08 ± 0.03 mmol/L higher (P < 0.01) and plasma triglycerides were 0.06 ± 0.03 mmol/L lower (P < 0.05). Substitution of a milk chocolate bar for a high- carbohydrate snack did not adversely affect the low-density-lipoprotein- (LDL) cholesterol response to a Step I Diet despite an increase in total fat and saturated fatty acid content of the diet. This response may be due to stearic acid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume60
Issue number6 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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