Effects of a novel inotropic agent (OPC-18790) on systolic and diastolic function in patients with severe heart failure

Brian D. Hoit, Susan Burwig, David Eppert, Geetha Bhat, Richard A. Walsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

A double-blind placebo-controlled study to determine the acute hemodynamic and cardiac mechanical effects of the quinolinone derivative OPC-18790 was performed in 12 patients with New York Heart Association class III or IV congestive heart failure. Simultaneous echocardiographic, Doppler, and invasive hemodynamic studies were performed before and after a 6-hour intravenous infusion of drug at 2.5, 5.0, or 10.0 μg/kg/min or of placebo. OPC-18790 (mean dose 5.9 ± 3.5 mg) caused significant increases in left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (15% ± 4% vs 23% ± 5%; p < 0.05) and cardiac index (1.7 ± 0.4 vs 2.5 ± 0.6 L/min/m2; p < 0.05) and a rightward and upward shift in the stress-shortening relation. LV end-diastolic volume and heart rate were unchanged. LV filling and posterior LV wall thinning rates from digitized M-mode echocardiographic studies (0.49 ± 0.16 vs 0.75 ± 0.21 cm/sec and 2.0 ± 0.9 vs 3.0 ± 1.4 cm/sec, respectively; both p < 0.05), transmitral deceleration time (67 ± 24 vs 81 ± 19 msec, p < 0.05), and atrial filling fraction (31.0% ± 11.2% vs 38.9% ± 13.9%, p < 0.05), infusion. Despite a significant decrease in pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (28 ± 9 vs 18 ± 10 mm Hg) there was no change in the velocity-time integral of early diastolic filling (53 ± 12 vs 59 ± 22 cm), suggesting improved LV relaxation. Hemodynamics and parameters of LV function were unchanged in the 3 patients receiving placebo. We conclude that in addition to its positive inotropic effects, OPC-18790 may produce hemodynamic benefit by salutary effects on LV relaxation, atrioventricular compliance, and late ventricular diastolic filling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1156-1163
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Volume128
Issue number6 PART 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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