Lead-free piezoelectric ceramics with the composition of (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 (KNN) and 0.995(K0.5Na0.5)NbO3-0.005AETiO3 (AE = Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba) were successfully prepared by conventional ceramic processing. Single perovskite phase with orthorhombic syngony can be obtained in pure KNN, KNN-CT and KNN-ST ceramics. The trace amounts of secondary phase(s) can be detected in KNN-MT and KNN-BT ceramics. Ceramics of KNN-CT and KNN-ST have higher cell parameters and higher densities than those of pure KNN ceramics. Good electrical properties (d33 = 122 pC/N, Kp = 0.38, εr = 421, tan δ = 0.033 and TC = 406 °C) can be obtained in pure KNN ceramics. The KNN-CT ceramics have optimized electrical properties, which are d33 = 116 pC/N, Kp = 0.39, εr = 411, tan δ = 0.024 and TC = 397 °C. Besides, the Pr is 18.8 μC/cm2 and the Ec is 9.65 kV/cm for pure KNN ceramics. By adding AET to KNN, the Pr values decrease with increasing the AE ions radii. The air-sintered pure KNN and KNN-CT ceramics are promising lead-free piezoelectric materials for transducer applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering