Effects of age on brachial artery myogenic responses in humans

Mary E.J. Lott, Michael D. Herr, Lawrence I. Sinoway

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18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The myogenic response, the inherent ability of blood vessels to rapidly respond to changes in transmural pressure, is involved in local blood flow autoregulation. Animal studies suggest that aging impairs the myogenic response. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of changes in transmural pressure on mean blood velocity (MBV, cm/s) in young and older subjects. Twelve younger men and women (25 ± 1 yr) were gender and body composition matched to twelve older men and women (65 ± 1 yr). A specially designed tank raised or lowered forearm pressure by 50 mmHg within 0.2 s. Brachial artery MBV was measured directly above the site of forearm pressure change using Doppler methods. In response to increasing transmural pressure (i.e., release of +50 mmHg), older subjects compared with younger subjects had significantly lower peak MBV (Δ 12.43 ± 1.16 vs. Δ 17.97 ± 2.01 cm/s; P < 0.05), reduced rates in the dynamic fall of MBV after peak values were achieved (vasoconstriction) (-1.88 ± 0.17 vs. -2.90 ± 0.28 cm·s-1·s-1; P < 0.05), and lower MBV values with sustained suction. In response to decreasing transmural pressure (i.e., change to +50 mmHg), there was a significantly greater increase in MBV (A peak flow from trough 7.71 ± 1.32 vs. 4.38 ± 0.71 cm/s; P < 0.05) and a trend toward a greater rate of rise in MBV (vasodilation; 1.61 ± 0.29 vs. 0.96 ± 0.21 cm·s-1·s -1; P = 0.08) in the older subjects. Older subjects compared with the younger subjects exhibited decreased dynamic vasoconstriction, enhanced steady-state constriction, as well as evidence for enhanced dynamic vasodilation responses to sustained alterations in forearm transmural pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R586-R591
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume287
Issue number3 56-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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