The miscibility of polycarbonate (PC) with styrene-co-acrylonitrile random copolymer (SAN) has been systematically investigated as functions of acrylonitrile content and shear flow. Various AN-contents ranged from 11 to 74 wt% and different simple shear flow values up to 90 s-1 have been used to explore the effect of both material and proceeding parameters on the miscibility of PC and SAN blends. The finest phase dispersion of the SAN particles was observed at AN=25 wt% for PC/SAN=70/30 blends under the same processing condition using scanning electron microscope (SEM). The obtained morphologies indicated that PC and SAN could form a partial miscibility blend and the maximum miscibility occurred at AN=25 wt%. This observation was supported by considering the shifts in the glass processes of the two rich phases of the blend using the dynamical mechanical analysis (DMA) measurements. The optimum interaction of the two components at AN=25 wt% calculated from ellipsometric technique was found to be the only responsible parameter for the high miscibility of the blend. The viscoelastic properties of the pure polymer components were found to play a minor role in the obtained morphologies. The effect of simple shear flow on the morphology of PC/SAN-25=70/30 blend has been also investigated using a special shear apparatus of parallel plate geometry. It has been found that the dispersed phase of SAN was elongated and broken-up in the direction of flow with weaker contrast at high shear rates. The shear rate was found to enhance the miscibility of SAN (dispersed phase) in the PC matrix to a great extent as seen in the weak contrast of the two phases observed by transmission electron microscope (TEM).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry