Effects of aromatics, diesel additives, nitrogen compounds, and moisture on adsorptive desulfurization of diesel fuel over activated carbon

Jing Xiao, Chunshan Song, Xiaoliang Ma, Zhong Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

95 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present research is concerned with the question of why activated carbons that show good adsorption uptake for model diesel sulfur compounds are not effective for real diesel fuels. In this work, the effects of aromatics, O-containing fuel additives, nitrogen compounds, and moisture present in real diesel fuel on adsorption desulfurization (ADS) over a commercial activated carbon (AC-WPH) were investigated. Polyaromatics such as phenanthrene show a significant inhibiting effect on ADS, even at a concentration of less than 1.0 wt %, while monoaromatics such as butylbenzene, even up to 10 wt %, have a negligible effect. The adsorption of different sulfur compounds over AC-WPH can be attributed mainly to the interaction of their conjugated π electrons with the carbon surface, where the electron-donating methyl groups further enhance the interaction. Trace amounts of O-containing diesel additives, nitrogen compounds, and moisture all have inhibiting effects on adsorptive desulfurization over AC-WPH, which can be attributed partly to hydrogen-bonding interaction between polar groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3436-3443
Number of pages8
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume51
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 29 2012

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Nitrogen Compounds
Nitrogen compounds
Desulfurization
Diesel fuels
Activated carbon
Moisture
Adsorption
Sulfur Compounds
Sulfur compounds
Fuel additives
Electrons
Hydrogen bonds
Carbon

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Effects of aromatics, diesel additives, nitrogen compounds, and moisture on adsorptive desulfurization of diesel fuel over activated carbon",
abstract = "The present research is concerned with the question of why activated carbons that show good adsorption uptake for model diesel sulfur compounds are not effective for real diesel fuels. In this work, the effects of aromatics, O-containing fuel additives, nitrogen compounds, and moisture present in real diesel fuel on adsorption desulfurization (ADS) over a commercial activated carbon (AC-WPH) were investigated. Polyaromatics such as phenanthrene show a significant inhibiting effect on ADS, even at a concentration of less than 1.0 wt {\%}, while monoaromatics such as butylbenzene, even up to 10 wt {\%}, have a negligible effect. The adsorption of different sulfur compounds over AC-WPH can be attributed mainly to the interaction of their conjugated π electrons with the carbon surface, where the electron-donating methyl groups further enhance the interaction. Trace amounts of O-containing diesel additives, nitrogen compounds, and moisture all have inhibiting effects on adsorptive desulfurization over AC-WPH, which can be attributed partly to hydrogen-bonding interaction between polar groups.",
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Effects of aromatics, diesel additives, nitrogen compounds, and moisture on adsorptive desulfurization of diesel fuel over activated carbon. / Xiao, Jing; Song, Chunshan; Ma, Xiaoliang; Li, Zhong.

In: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 51, No. 8, 29.02.2012, p. 3436-3443.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Xiao, Jing

AU - Song, Chunshan

AU - Ma, Xiaoliang

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N2 - The present research is concerned with the question of why activated carbons that show good adsorption uptake for model diesel sulfur compounds are not effective for real diesel fuels. In this work, the effects of aromatics, O-containing fuel additives, nitrogen compounds, and moisture present in real diesel fuel on adsorption desulfurization (ADS) over a commercial activated carbon (AC-WPH) were investigated. Polyaromatics such as phenanthrene show a significant inhibiting effect on ADS, even at a concentration of less than 1.0 wt %, while monoaromatics such as butylbenzene, even up to 10 wt %, have a negligible effect. The adsorption of different sulfur compounds over AC-WPH can be attributed mainly to the interaction of their conjugated π electrons with the carbon surface, where the electron-donating methyl groups further enhance the interaction. Trace amounts of O-containing diesel additives, nitrogen compounds, and moisture all have inhibiting effects on adsorptive desulfurization over AC-WPH, which can be attributed partly to hydrogen-bonding interaction between polar groups.

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