Operant performance of non-food deprived rats (n = 8) was assessed under progressive ratio (PR) and concurrent PR-fixed ratio schedules of food pellet and/or vegetable shortening reinforcement. Post operant baselines, rats were matched and divided into 2 groups based upon the schedule of shortening availability: High restriction binge group (H, 1-hr home cage shortening access each week on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday) and Low restriction (L, 1-hr shortening access daily). Chow and water were continuously available; only access to the shortening was restricted. After 8 weeks, operant performance was reassessed. Lever pressing for shortening increased in the H rats for all schedules, but was either unaffected or decreased in the L rats. Pellet responding under the concurrent schedules increased for both groups. The effects of four dosages of (R)-baclofen (0.3-1.8 mg/kg, i.p.) on operant performance were also assessed. For both groups, 1.0 mg/kg baclofen significantly reduced shortening responding relative to saline for all schedules except one, but had no or minimal effect on pellet responding. This suggests a specific effect of baclofen on responding maintained by fat. These results indicate that intermittent episodes of bingeing on fat can increase the reinforcing efficacy of fat and that GABAB receptor activation can attenuate this effect.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biological Psychiatry
- Behavioral Neuroscience